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Sex chromosome aneuploidy was assessed in spermatozoa from a 47,XXY male and a 46,XY/47,XXY male using three colour fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) and compared with two control groups. The first group included subjects of proven fertility and the second infertile males with normal constitutional karyotype. The frequencies of XX and YY disomic, XY(More)
We describe a 3(1/2)-year-old girl with psychomotor and mental retardation; dysmorphic features, including a high forehead with bitemporal narrowing; a broad nasal bridge and a broadened nose; downslanting palpebral fissures; abnormal ears; vertebral abnormalities; cardiac defect; genital hypoplasia; and anal abnormalities. The karyotype of our patient (550(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyse the frequency of disomy for chromosomes 1, 13, 14, 18, 21, 22, X and Y in sperm nuclei of 50 infertile men and 10 healthy probands of proven fertility. Semen parameters (sperm count, global motility and morphology), urological clinical examination, genital ultrasound and lymphocyte karyotyping were performed for each(More)
Disomy and diploidy frequencies for autosomes 1-22 and the gonosomes were assessed in 299,442 sperm nuclei from four normal fertile men by chromosome painting. This novel approach allowed us to perform a specific and sensitive detection of each chromosome. A minimum of 5000 sperm nuclei per subject were evaluated for each chromosome by dual colour(More)
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS, MIM175200) is an autosomal-dominant inherited disorder characterised by multiple gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyps, melanin spots of the oral mucosa and digits, and an increased risk for various neoplasms. The PJS results from germline alterations of the STK11/LKB1 tumour suppressor gene, located on 19p13.3, and encoding a(More)
Segmental aneusomy for small chromosomal regions has been shown to be a common cause of mental retardation and multiple congenital anomalies. A screening method for such chromosome aberrations that are not detected using standard cytogenetic techniques is needed. Recent studies have focused on detection of subtle terminal chromosome aberrations using(More)
A couple was referred for exploration of repetitive abortions. The man was found to be a carrier of a balanced reciprocal translocation t(9;10)(q11;p11.1). The meiotic segregation of chromosomes 9 and 10 was analysed in 5,157 spermatozoa from this translocation carrier and in 15,255 spermatozoa from three control donors using three-colour fluorescence in(More)
PURPOSE Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using whole-chromosome paint probes was performed to evaluate disomy and diploidy frequency for chromosomes 1, 18, 19, and 22 in human sperm nuclei. METHODS Ten subjects of proven fertility and normal spermatic parameters were included in the study. A dual-color FISH method was carried out. RESULTS A(More)
Artificial membranes bearing immobilized enzymes can be used to study some effects of membrane structure on enzyme kinetic behavior. The bienzyme system described is a mixture of beta-glucosidase and glucose oxidase. Gluconolactone, the product of thesecond enzyme, is an inhibitor of the first one. The resulting feedback effect has been compared using a(More)