Géraldine Faure

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PURPOSE To describe new, efficient predictors of maximum reading speed (MRS) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients with central field loss. Type of AMD (wet versus dry) was scrutinized, because this factor seems to offer a promising model of differential visual adaptation induced by different temporal courses of disease progression. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE It has been suggested that crowding, the adverse low-level effect due to the proximity of adjacent stimuli, explains slow reading in low-vision patients with absolute macular scotomas. According to this hypothesis, crowding in the vertical dimension should be released by increasing the vertical spacing between lines of text. However, studies with(More)
PURPOSE Reading speed of patients with central field loss (CFL) correlates with the size of saccades (measured in letters per forward saccade [L/FS]). We assessed whether this effect is mediated by the total number of fixations, by the average fixation duration, or by a mixture of both. METHODS We measured eye movements (with a video eye tracker) of 35(More)
PURPOSE To describe and quantify a largely unnoticed oculomotor pattern that often occurs when patients with central field loss (CFL) read continuous text: Horizontal distribution of eye fixations dramatically varies across sentences and often reveals clusters. Also to statistically analyze the effect of this new factor on reading speed while controlling(More)
We propose the Navisio software as a new integrated system to help low vision patients read complex electronic documents (here, PDF files) with more comfort. Navisio aims at taking into account main psychophysical results on reading performance of visually impaired patients. To do this, we analyze what are the main factors influencing reading performance,(More)
Precipitation of calcium oxalate was studied in a group of ten patients who underwent transurethral prostatectomy with glycine irrigation. Post operatively all patients showed hyperoxaluria; 60% with oxaluria higher than 10 times the critical concentration of calcium oxalate in urine. Other factors, known to favour crystallogenesis were modified during the(More)
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