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Breast cancer is a molecularly, biologically and clinically heterogeneous group of disorders. Understanding this diversity is essential to improving diagnosis and optimizing treatment. Both genetic and acquired epigenetic abnormalities participate in cancer, but the involvement of the epigenome in breast cancer and its contribution to the complexity of the(More)
Genes of the MAGE, BAGE, GAGE, and LAGE-1/NY-ESO-1 families encode antigenic peptides that are presented by HLA class I molecules and that are recognized on human tumors by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. These genes are expressed in many solid tumor types but not in normal tissues, except male germline cells. Because the latter cells are devoid of HLA(More)
We obtained a lytic CD4 T-cell clone that recognized an antigen presented by HLA-DRB1*1101 on the tumor cells of a melanoma patient who enjoyed an unusually favorable clinical evolution. The antigen appeared to be shared between several melanoma cell lines. To identify the encoding gene, we used a new method, based on the cotransfection into human embryonal(More)
We obtained a lytic CD4 T-cell clone that recognized an antigen presented by HLA-DRB1*1101 on the tumor cells of a melanoma patient who enjoyed an unusually favorable clinical evolution. The antigen appeared to be shared between several melanoma cell lines. To identify the encoding gene, we used a new method, based on the cotransfection into human embryonal(More)
Nectin-4 is a tumor antigen present on the surface of breast, ovarian and lung carcinoma cells. It is rarely present in normal adult tissues and is therefore a candidate target for cancer immunotherapy. Here, we identified a Nectin-4 antigenic peptide that is naturally presented to T cells by HLA-A2 molecules. We first screened the 502 nonamer peptides of(More)
INTRODUCTION While most transcripts arising from the human T Cell Receptor locus reflect fully rearranged genes, several germline transcripts have been identified. We describe a new germline transcript arising from the human TCRB locus. METHODS cDNA sequencing, promoter, and gene expression analyses were used to characterize the new transcript. RESULTS(More)
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