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RATIONALE Action monitoring has been studied extensively by means of measuring the error-related negativity (ERN). The ERN is an event-related potential (ERP) elicited immediately after an erroneous response and is thought to originate in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Although the ACC has a central role in the brain, only a few studies have been(More)
RATIONALE The central cholinergic system is implicated in cognitive functioning. The dysfunction of this system is expressed in many diseases like Alzheimer's disease, dementia of Lewy body, Parkinson's disease and vascular dementia. In recent animal studies, it was found that selective cholinergic modulation affects visuospatial processes even more than(More)
Humans need to monitor their actions continuously to detect errors as fast as possible and to adjust their performance to prevent future errors. This process of action monitoring can be investigated by measuring the error-related negativity (ERN), an ERP component elicited immediately after an error. In the current study, we investigated action monitoring(More)
In vitro, (S)-2-(chloro-5-fluoro-indol-1-yl)-1-methylethylamine 1:1 C4H4O4 and (S)-2-(4,4,7-trimethyl-1,4-dihydro-indeno[1, 2-b]pyrrol-1-yl)-1-methylethylamine 1:1 C4H4O4 exhibited high-affinity binding to the serotonin2C (5HT2C) receptors and stimulated turnover of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate. Affinity to several of the other 5-HT receptor subtypes and to(More)
An automated rat sleep staging system was used to describe sleep-waking behaviour in a large number of rats. The computer scorings were validated by visual analysis of a limited set of data by two human raters and the agreement varied between 82 and 100% for homogeneous segments of the different sleep-waking stages. The automated system proved to be very(More)
Arginine-vasopressin (AVP) is a physiological co-activator of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, together with corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH). A synthetic analogue of AVP, desmopressin (dDAVP), is often used as a pharmacological tool to assess co-activation in health and disease. The relation between dDAVP's neuroendocrine,(More)
Cisplatin, a widely used cytostatic drug for the control of a variety of neoplastic tumors, unexpectedly induced neurite outgrowth in N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells and this phenomenon was studied further in detail with morphometric analysis. As expected, cisplatin dose-dependently reduced cell number. At the same time, however, cisplatin affected the(More)
Chronic exposure to mild unpredictable stress causes subsensitivity to rewards (anhedonia). These effects are reversible by chronic treatment with antidepressant drugs, and have been proposed as an animal model of depression. In the present study, sleep architecture, particularly the rapid eye movement (REM) component, was mapped in rats following exposure(More)
A complex dynamic ultradian rhythm underlies the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) circadian rhythm. We have investigated in normal human male subjects the importance, site of action, and receptor-mediated processes involved in rapid basal corticosteroid feedback and its interaction with corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) drive. Pro-opiomelanocortin(More)
Ampakines act as positive allosteric modulators of AMPA-type glutamate receptors and facilitate hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a mechanism associated with memory storage and consolidation. The present study investigated the acute effects of farampator, 1-(benzofurazan-5-ylcarbonyl) piperidine, on memory and information processes in healthy(More)