Gábor Zsurka

Learn More
Steady-state concentrations of mitochondrial Mg(2+) previously have been shown to vary with the expression of Mrs2p, a component of the inner mitochondrial membrane with two transmembrane domains. While its structural and functional similarity to the bacterial Mg(2+) transport protein CorA suggested a role for Mrs2p in Mg(2+) influx into the organelle,(More)
The yeast open reading frames YOL027 and YPR125 and their orthologs in various eukaryotes encode proteins with a single predicted trans-membrane domain ranging in molecular mass from 45 to 85 kDa. Hemizygous deletion of their human homolog LETM1 is likely to contribute to the Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome phenotype. We show here that in yeast and human cells,(More)
Known disease mechanisms in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) maintenance disorders alter either the mitochondrial replication machinery (POLG, POLG2 and C10orf2) or the biosynthesis pathways of deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphates for mtDNA synthesis. However, in many of these disorders, the underlying genetic defect has yet to be discovered. Here, we identify(More)
We have analyzed the complete mitochondrial genomes of 22 Pan paniscus (bonobo, pygmy chimpanzee) individuals to assess the detailed mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) phylogeny of this close relative of Homo sapiens. We identified three major clades among bonobos that separated approximately 540,000 years ago, as suggested by Bayesian analysis. Incidentally, we(More)
The yeast ORF YPL060w/LPE10 encodes a homologue of the mitochondrial protein Mrs2p. These two proteins are 32% identical, and have two transmembrane domains in their C-terminal regions and a putative magnesium transporter signature, Y/F-G-M-N, at the end of one of these domains. Data presented here indicate that Lpe10p is inserted into the inner(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been identified as a potential cause of epileptic seizures and therapy-resistant forms of severe epilepsy. Thus, a broad variety of mutation in mitochondrial DNA or nuclear genes leading to the impairment of mitochondrial respiratory chain or of mitochondrial ATP synthesis has been associated with epileptic phenotypes.(More)
We report here on the human MRS2 gene that encodes a protein, hsaMrs2p, the first molecularly characterized candidate for a magnesium transporter in metazoa. The protein, like the yeast mitochondrial Mrs2 and Lpe10 proteins, contains two predicted transmembrane domains in its carboxyl-terminus, the first of which terminates with the conserved motif(More)
The human gene MRS2L encodes a mitochondrial protein distantly related to CorA Mg(2+) transport proteins. Constitutive shRNA-mediated knockdown of hMRS2 in human HEK-293 cell line was found here to cause death. To further study its role in Mg(2+) transport, we have established stable cell lines with conditionally expressing shRNAs directed against hMRS2L.(More)
The instability of the mitochondrial genome in individuals harboring pathogenic mutations in the catalytic subunit of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase gamma (POLG) is well recognized, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In 5 pediatric patients with severe myoclonic epilepsy and valproic acid-induced liver failure, we(More)
A broad variety of mutations of the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear genes that lead to the impairment of mitochondrial respiratory chain or mitochondrial ATP synthesis have been associated with epileptic phenotypes. Additionally, evidence for an impaired mitochondrial function in seizure focus of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and Ammon's horn sclerosis,(More)