Gábor Tamás

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The neuronal and synaptic organisation of the cerebral cortex appears exceedingly complex, and the definition of a basic cortical circuit in terms of defined classes of cells and connections is necessary to facilitate progress of its analysis. During the last two decades quantitative studies of the synaptic connectivity of identified cortical neurones and(More)
Networks of GABAergic interneurons are implicated in synchronizing cortical activity at gamma frequencies (30-70 Hz). Here we demonstrate that the combined electrical and GABAergic synaptic coupling of basket cells instantaneously entrained gamma-frequency postsynaptic firing in layers 2/3 of rat somatosensory cortex. This entrainment was mediated by rapid(More)
Neuroscience produces a vast amount of data from an enormous diversity of neurons. A neuronal classification system is essential to organize such data and the knowledge that is derived from them. Classification depends on the unequivocal identification of the features that distinguish one type of neuron from another. The problems inherent in this are(More)
Axons in the cerebral cortex receive synaptic input at the axon initial segment almost exclusively from gamma-aminobutyric acid-releasing (GABAergic) axo-axonic cells (AACs). The axon has the lowest threshold for action potential generation in neurons; thus, AACs are considered to be strategically placed inhibitory neurons controlling neuronal output.(More)
1. The effects of synapses established by smooth dendritic neurones on pyramidal and spiny stellate cells were studied in areas 17 and 18 of the cat visual cortex in vitro. Paired intracellular recordings with biocytin-filled electrodes and subsequent light and electron microscopic analysis were used to determine the sites of synaptic interaction. 2. All(More)
An ion channel's function depends largely on its location and density on neurons. Here we used high-resolution immunolocalization to determine the subcellular distribution of the hyperpolarization-activated and cyclic-nucleotide-gated channel subunit 1 (HCN1) in rat brain. Light microscopy revealed graded HCN1 immunoreactivity in apical dendrites of(More)
There are two types of inhibitory postsynaptic potentials in the cerebral cortex. Fast inhibition is mediated by ionotropic gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors, and slow inhibition is due to metabotropic GABA(B) receptors. Several neuron classes elicit inhibitory postsynaptic potentials through GABA(A) receptors, but possible distinct sources(More)
1. Concomitant application of the cholinergic agonist carbachol and nanomolar doses of kainate can elicit persistent gamma frequency oscillations in all layers of the mouse somatosensory cortex in vitro. Receptor pharmacology with bath-applied antagonists indicated that oscillatory network activity depended crucially on the participation of cholinergic(More)
Networks of GABAergic neurons have been implicated in neuronal population synchronization. To define the extent of cellular interconnections, we determined the effect, number, and subcellular distribution of synapses between putative GABAergic neurons in layers II-IV of the cat visual cortex using paired intracellular recordings in vitro followed by(More)
1. Dual intracellular recordings were made from synaptically coupled pyramidal cell-to-interneurone pairs (n = 5) of the cat visual cortex in vitro. Pre- and postsynaptic neurones were labelled with biocytin, followed by correlated light and electron microscopic analysis to determine all sites of synaptic interaction. 2. Pyramidal neurones in layers II-III(More)