Gábor Molnár

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Axons in the cerebral cortex receive synaptic input at the axon initial segment almost exclusively from gamma-aminobutyric acid-releasing (GABAergic) axo-axonic cells (AACs). The axon has the lowest threshold for action potential generation in neurons; thus, AACs are considered to be strategically placed inhibitory neurons controlling neuronal output.(More)
Synaptic interactions between neurons of the human cerebral cortex were not directly studied to date. We recorded the first dataset, to our knowledge, on the synaptic effect of identified human pyramidal cells on various types of postsynaptic neurons and reveal complex events triggered by individual action potentials in the human neocortical network. Brain(More)
Electrical synapses contribute to the generation of synchronous activity in neuronal networks. Several types of cortical GABAergic neurons acting via postsynaptic GABA(A) receptors also form electrical synapses with interneurons of the same class, suggesting that synchronization through gap junctions could be limited to homogenous interneuron populations.(More)
Studying in vitro stem cuttings of Solanum tuberosum induced for tuberization and those of a non-tuberizing Solanum species, differences both in morphology and in gene expression were detected. Stolon formation essentially depended on light while tuberization was triggered by the elevated level of sucrose in the medium. Genes involved in starch synthesis(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to study the role of visual neglect in acute right hemisphere brain infarct as a predictor of poor functional outcome during the first year after stroke. In particular, we were interested in the additional value of neglect measures besides hemiparesis, hemianopia, cognitive deficits and age. PATIENTS AND METHODS A consecutive series(More)
We examined immunohistochemically the distribution of the neuronal-specific protein enolase (14-3-2) in normal human retina. We also examined the distribution of neuronal-specific enolase, glial fibrillary acidic protein, myelin-associated glycoprotein, and S-100 protein in seven human retinoblastomas. In normal retina neuronal-specific enolase was present(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are the most widely prescribed drugs targeting the CNS with acute and chronic effects in cognitive, emotional and behavioral processes. This suggests that microcircuits of the human cerebral cortex are powerfully modulated by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, however, direct measurements of serotonergic(More)
Free radicals are thought to be involved in the onset of neuronal disturbances such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. It is also assumed that they play a role in cerebral injury caused by ischemia or trauma. Plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), Total (peroxyl) Radical-trapping Antioxidant Parameter (TRAP), and(More)
The human retina is unmyelinated, but structural similarities have been noted between Müller cells, the main glial cell type of retina, and oligodendrocytes, the myelin-forming cells of the central nervous system. We now show that antibodies against myelin-associated glycoprotein, a minor component of central and peripheral myelin so far found only in(More)