Gábor Hirka

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BACKGROUND Melanocytes in the normal human epidermis are generally dendritic and neither proliferate nor express melanoma-associated antigens. In culture, on the other hand, melanocytes are bi- to tripolar, proliferate with 2 to 4 day doubling times, and express melanoma-associated antigens. This observation prompted us to investigate the regulatory role of(More)
Some strains of Bacillus coagulans can survive extremes of heat, stomach acid and bile acids, to which commonly consumed probiotics are susceptible. A toxicological safety assessment was published in 2009 on a proprietary preparation of B. coagulans - GanedenBC(30)™ - a novel probiotic. It was concluded that GanedenBC(30)™ is safe for chronic human(More)
A well-characterized standardized hydroethanolic extract of a traditionally recognized mak (mild) variety of Sceletium tortuosum, a South African plant with a long history of traditional ingestion, is marketed under the trade name Zembrin(®) as an ingredient for use in functional foods and dietary supplements. It is standardized to contain 0.35-0.45% total(More)
A battery of toxicological studies was conducted to investigate the genotoxicity and repeated-dose oral toxicity of Bonolive™, a proprietary water-soluble extract of the leaves of the olive tree (Olea europaea L.), in accordance with internationally accepted protocols. There was no evidence of mutagenicity in a bacterial reverse mutation test and in an(More)
The safety of an açai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) pulp enriched fruit and berry juice, MonaVie Active®, fortified with the functional ingredient, glucosamine, was studied. The beverage was found not to be mutagenic, clastogenic, cytotoxic, or genotoxic, as determined by the bacterial reverse mutation assay, chromosomal aberration assay, mouse micronucleus(More)
Estrogens increase LDH activity and decrease H/M subunit ratio in rat anterior pituitary in both the experimental circumstances and the physiological conditions. The cellular messengers mediating estrogenic effect are structure- and stereospecific. The activity increasing and subunit ratio decreasing potency of the three tested estrogens was of following(More)
The dietary antioxidant L-(+)-ergothioneine was tested for its potential mutagenic activity using the bacterial reverse mutation assay. The experiments were carried out using histidine-requiring auxotrophic strains of Salmonella typhimurium (Salmonella typhimurium TA98, TA100, TA1535 and TA1537), and the tryptophan-requiring auxotrophic strain of(More)
Methyl-chrysanthemate is one of the intermediates of pyrethroid type insecticides. The acute toxicity of the test item was investigated in rats after single oral, dermal and inhalation applications. The irritation effect was determined by Draize method. Buehler method was applied to evaluate the sensitization potential of the test item. The mutagenic effect(More)
A battery of toxicological studies was conducted in accordance with internationally accepted standards to investigate the genotoxicity and repeated-dose oral toxicity of Fernblock(®), a commercial aqueous extraction of the leaves of the tropical fern Polypodium leucotomos used for its oral and topical photoprotective properties. No evidence of mutagenicity(More)
LDH activity in the female rat anterior pituitary increases substantially at the opening of the vagina, after the gradual increase up to the 90st day no important change occurs. During the estrous cycle activity reaches its peak during the estrus, and lowest in ghe proestrus. Molecular organization of the enzyme shows a change only at the opening of the(More)