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Metabolic hormones, such as leptin, alter the input organization of hypothalamic circuits, resulting in increased pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) tone, followed by decreased food intake and adiposity. The gonadal steroid estradiol can also reduce appetite and adiposity, and it influences synaptic plasticity. Here we report that estradiol (E2) triggers a robust(More)
AIMS We conducted a large registry-based study in California to investigate the association of perinatal factors and childhood leukemia with analysis of two major subtypes, acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS We linked California cancer and birth registries to obtain information on 5788 cases and 5788 controls(More)
BACKGROUND Leukemia is one of the most common potentially fatal illnesses in children, and its causes are not well understood. Although socioeconomic status (SES) has been related to leukemia in some studies, this apparent association may be attributable to ascertainment or participation bias. This study was undertaken to determine whether there is a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate factors influencing parental decisions toward continuing or terminating a pregnancy with prenatal diagnosis of sex chromosome aneuploidy. METHODS We reviewed the records of patients with fetuses with sex chromosome aneuploidy between 1990 and 2001. A questionnaire survey of women who chose to terminate such pregnancies was designed(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a meta-analysis of studies on magnetic field exposure and childhood brain tumors to evaluate homogeneity in the results, to examine reasons for heterogeneity, and to derive a summary effect estimate. Comparison of results from studies of childhood brain cancer and childhood leukemia may also help to assess the potential for selection(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of conventional transabdominal metroplasty on the reproductive outcome of symmetric uterine anomalies and to determine the complications of this procedure. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective clinical analysis of 157 consecutive women who underwent surgery during a 25-year period. One hundred fifty-seven patients with a(More)
We characterized the distribution of exposure to magnetic fields (MFs) during daily activities and during household appliance use, and estimated the relative contribution of various activities and appliances to total daily exposure. One hundred sixty-two subjects provided information on their patterns of appliance use and wore personal monitors for 24 h to(More)
The authors describe experiences gained over the period of 1984-1999 at two medical centers with chorionic villus sampling (CVS). Altogether 1,149 CVSs had been performed between the 10th and 32nd gestational weeks. Prior to 1993 the transcervical approach (TC-CVS), after 1994 the transabdominal method (TA-CVS) was used. Analysis of data collected within(More)
The occupational epidemiological literature on extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields (EMF) and health encompasses a large number of studies of varying design and quality that have addressed many health outcomes, including various cancers, cardiovascular disease, depression and suicide, and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer disease(More)