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Working memory is an important mental capacity that is compromised following sleep deprivation (SD). To understand how working memory load interacts with state to influence brain activation in load-sensitive regions, and the extent to which SD-related changes are common across different loads, we used fMRI to study twelve healthy subjects following 24 h of(More)
Neuromodulin (Nm) and neurogranin (Ng) are neuron-specific substrates of protein kinase C (PKC). Their interactions with Calmodulin (CaM) are crucial for learning and memory formation in neurons. Here, we report the structure of IQ peptides (24aa) of Nm/Ng complexed with CaM and their functional studies with full-length proteins. Nm/Ng and their respective(More)
The modulatory effects of nitric oxide (NO) on voltage-dependent K+ channels are intricate. In our present study, the augmentation and reduction of K+ currents by NO donor S-nitro-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and pure dissolved NO was observed in dissociated neurons from mice neocortex with both whole cell and cell-attached patch clamp. By using a specific(More)
The alpha7 and alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAchR) subtypes have been shown to be involved in memory. It is also known that losses of frontal cortical nAchRs are correlated to declining memory function in Alzheimer's disease, but the subtype-specific role of frontal cortical nAchRs in memory has not been well characterized. Hence, we sought(More)
3-Chlorotyrosine, a bio-marker of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) in vivo, was reported to be substantially elevated in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. Thus, HOCl might be implicated in the development of AD. However, its effect and mechanism on neuronal cell death have not been investigated. Here, we report for the first time that HOCl treatment induces an(More)
Neurogranin (Ng) is a neural-specific, calmodulin (CaM)-binding protein that is phosphorylated by protein kinase C (PKC). Although its biochemical property has been well characterized, the physiological function of Ng needs to be elucidated. In the present study, we performed proteomics analysis of the induced compositional changes due to the expression of(More)
Laser Speckle Contrast Analysis (LASCA) has been used to image the development of an ischemic core following photochemically induced infarction in rats up to 1 h post-lesion. Using LASCA, we have been able to image a central ischemic core which had little or no perfusion surrounded by a penumbral region with reduced perfusion. In addition, we have shown the(More)
Novel, yet simple detection techniques of drug effect, including the effect of a vesicular monoamine transporter inhibitor (reserpine), a dopamine precursor (L-dopa), and a dopamine transporter inhibitor (nomifensine), on dopamine release from dopaminergic PC12 cells were developed based on a microelectrode array (MEA) biochip. Upon multi-injections of KCl(More)
Dose-limiting diarrhea and myelosuppression compromise the success of irinotecan (7-ethyl-10-[4-[1-piperidino]-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin) (CPT-11)-based chemotherapy. A recent pilot study indicates that thalidomide attenuates the toxicity of CPT-11 in cancer patients. This study aimed to investigate whether coadministered thalidomide modulated(More)
A rapid and simple procedure was developed for the preparation of a highly stable and leach-proof glucose oxidase (GOx)-bound glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Crosslinked GOx via glutaraldehyde was drop-cast on a KOH-pretreated GCE followed by drop-casting of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) to form a stable bioactive layer. At -0.45 V, the biosensor(More)