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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Myocardial infarction leads to heart failure. Autophagy is excessively activated in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the protection of sevoflurane postconditioning (SPC) in myocardial I/R is through restored impaired autophagic flux. METHODS Except for the sham control(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) pathway plays a key role in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a downstream target of PI3K/AKT signaling, is necessary and sufficient to protect the heart from I/R injury. Inhaled anesthetic sevoflurane is widely used in cardiac surgeries because its(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with a marked systemic inflammatory response. Although dexmedetomidine (Dex) is routinely used in cardiac surgery, the effect in reducing the inflammatory response in coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with CPB remains unclear. In this study, Dex was administered at a loading dose of 0.5 μg/kg for 10 min,(More)
NAF-1 (nutrient-deprivation autophagy factor-1), an autophagy-related gene-related (ATG) protein, has been implicated in the autophagic pro-survival response. However, its role in autophagy has not been examined in the cardiomyocytes. In this study, we found that nutritional stress (NS) induced by glucose deprivation strongly induced autophagy in cultured(More)
Postoperative cognition impairment is a perishing complication in elderly patients undergone surgeries. Lithium is widely used in psychiatric patients for its role in neuronal protection, whereas whether or not it could attenuate surgery-associated postoperative cognition dysfunction used prophylactically is not well defined. After approval by the(More)
The neurotrophins (NTs) nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), NT-3, and NT-4/5 are proteins that regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival in both the developing and mature central nervous system (CNS) by binding to two receptor classes, Trk receptors and p75 NTR. Motivated by the broad growth- and(More)
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), hitherto called primary biliary cirrhosis, is a cholestatic liver disease of unclear aetiology with autoimmune features. Accumulating evidence revealed that γδ T cells were involved in the development of autoimmune diseases. As one of γδ T cells subsets, however, the role of Vδ1 T cells in the immunopathogenesis of PBC is(More)
The immunosuppressive effects of dexmedetomidine, a highly selective and widely used a2-adrenoceptor agonist for sedation, analgesia, and stress management, are investigated in vitro. In the present study, the respiratory burst of human neutrophils separated from venous blood was evaluated with dexmedetomidine treatment after Escherichia coli stimulation.(More)
To determine the risk factors associated with adverse aortic remodeling after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection, we performed a retrospective analysis of 54 patients between January 2009 and June 2012 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. All patients underwent TEVAR of the(More)