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The spatial resolution of a fast, multichannel, optical recording apparatus has been improved in an attempt to increase the completeness of optical recordings of neuron activity responsible for the Aplysia gill-withdrawal reflex. We developed a new optical apparatus, increasing the number of pixels to 448. Action potential activity from 168 to 192 neurons(More)
Ecological function of charcoal has been mainly investigated by adding charcoal to soil, which is not fully adequate to understand in situ the role in fire-prone forest ecosystem. To determine in situ effects of charcoal on ecosystem functions, such as nutrient availability, we conducted an experimental burning in a Japanese white birch forest with dense(More)
Elevated CO 2 reduced fine root dynamics (production and turnover) of white birch seedlings, especially grown in volcanic ash soil compared with brown forest soil. Increased atmospheric CO2 usually enhances photosynthetic ability and growth of trees. To understand how increased CO2 affects below-ground part of trees under varied soil condition, we(More)
The CO 2 effect on the root production of a broad-leaved community was insignificant when grown in brown forest soil, however, it was positively large when grown in volcanic ash soil. We evaluated the root response to elevated CO2 fumigation of 3 birches (Betula sp.) and 1 deciduous oak (Quercus sp.) grown in immature volcanic ash soil (VA) or brown forest(More)
The use of dual vascularized fibula transfer on a single vascular pedicle for reconstruction of long bone defect is described. This technique involves dividing one length of donor vascularized fibula into two segments, without cutting the vessels. The vessels are then folded, thereby supplying blood circulation to both bones. Since 1985 the authors have(More)
To predict the performance of coppice forests with Japanese oak (Quercus mongolica var. crispula) in future changing environment, we studied the growth, photosynthesis, and powdery mildew (Erysiphe alphitoides) infection of sprouts of Japanese oak under free-air CO2 enrichment. Elevated CO2 reduced powdery mildew infection in both leaves of the shoot(More)
Elevated CO 2 enhances the photosynthesis and growth of hybrid larch F 1 seedlings. However, elevated CO 2 -induced change of tree shape may have risk to the other environmental stresses. The hybrid larch F1 (Larix gmelinii var. japonica × L. kaempferi) is one of the most promising species for timber production as well as absorption of atmospheric CO2. To(More)
A 53-year-old male was admitted to the hospital due to electrocardiographic ST-segment elevation in V1-4 with ST-segment depression in the inferior leads, which suggested acute myocardial infarction. He had a cough and a slight fever without chest pain. Serum creatine kinase and its myocardial band were slightly elevated but creatine kinase value did not(More)
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