Fuyuki Hirashima

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Alterations in brain high-energy phosphate metabolism, determined by in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), have been reported in subjects with a number of brain disorders including major depression, schizophrenia, and substance abuse. It is not clear to what extent these changes can be modified by pharmacological or nutritional means. To address(More)
BACKGROUND Prior work reported elevated gray matter (GM) lactate and Glx (glutamate + glutamine + GABA) concentrations in unmedicated patients with bipolar disorder (BP) compared with healthy controls (HC). This study examined whether lithium (Li) and valproic acid (VPA) treatment modulated these chemicals. METHODS A subset of previously reported BP(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies of depressed adults have shown abnormalities in cerebral energy metabolism, as noted by low brain levels of nucleoside triphosphate (NTP), which primarily represents adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This study was undertaken to determine whether proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) measures of the low-field purine resonance, which(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors hypothesized that changes in brain membrane composition resulting from omega-3 fatty acid administration in patients with bipolar disorder would result in greater membrane fluidity, as detected by reductions in T(2) values. METHOD Women with bipolar disorder (N=12) received omega-3 fatty acids for 4 weeks. A cohort of bipolar(More)
OBJECT Previous comparisons of standard temporal lobectomy (STL) and selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SelAH) have been limited by inadequate long-term follow-up, variable definitions of favorable outcome, and inadequate consideration of psychiatric comorbidities. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective analysis of seizure, cognitive, and(More)
Differences in proton MRS T(2) values for phosphocreatine (PCr) and creatine (Cr) methyl groups (3.0 ppm) were investigated in studies of phantoms and human brain. Results from phantom studies revealed that T(2) of PCr in solution is significantly shorter than T(2) of Cr. Curve-fitting results indicated that the amplitude-TE curves of the total Cr resonance(More)
OBJECTIVES Oral choline administration has been reported to increase brain phosphatidylcholine levels. As phospholipid synthesis for maintaining membrane integrity in mammalian brain cells consumes approximately 10-15% of the total adenosine triphosphate (ATP) pool, an increased availability of brain choline may lead to an increase in ATP consumption. Given(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The study of biodistribution and in situ pharmacokinetics is a challenging, but sometimes very important, aspect of premarketing characterization of drugs. We aimed to develop a non-invasive fluorine magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopic method for the absolute quantitation of a mono-fluorinated compound and of its metabolites in(More)
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