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We have identified two cell types, each using almost exclusively one of two different CD95 (APO-1/Fas) signaling pathways. In type I cells, caspase-8 was activated within seconds and caspase-3 within 30 min of receptor engagement, whereas in type II cells cleavage of both caspases was delayed for approximately 60 min. However, both type I and type II cells(More)
Progression of the cell cycle and control of apoptosis (programmed cell death) are thought to be intimately linked processes, acting to preserve homeostasis and developmental morphogenesis. Although proteins that regulate apoptosis have been implicated in restraining cell-cycle entry and controlling ploidy (chromosome number), the effector molecules at the(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of and mortality from lung cancer have increased steadily. Most lung cancers are not localised when first detected, but early detection is mandatory to improve prognosis. Since curable early cases are hard to visualise with conventional chest radiography, a new diagnostic means must be found. We assessed whether population-based(More)
The worm Caenorhabditis elegans is a model system for studying many aspects of biology, including host responses to bacterial pathogens, but it is not known to support replication of any virus. Plants and insects encode multiple Dicer enzymes that recognize distinct precursors of small RNAs and may act cooperatively. However, it is not known whether the(More)
Here we investigate the role of the control of apoptosis in normal cell division. We show that interference with the expression or function of the apoptosis inhibitor survivin causes caspase-dependent cell death in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle, and a cell-division defect characterized by centrosome dysregulation, multipolar mitotic spindles and(More)
The preservation of tissue and organ homoeostasis depends on the regulated expression of genes controlling apoptosis (programmed cell death). In this study, we have investigated the basal transcriptional requirements of the survivin gene, an IAP (inhibitor of apoptosis) prominently up-regulated in cancer. Analysis of the 5' flanking region of the human(More)
Bcl-xL, an antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, inhibits programmed cell death in a broad variety of cell types. Recent reports have demonstrated that cytochrome c is released from mitochondria during apoptosis and have suggested that this release may be a critical step in the activation of proapoptotic caspases and subsequent cell death. Furthermore,(More)
A productive angiogenic response must couple to the survival machinery of endothelial cells to preserve the integrity of newly formed vessels. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) is an endothelium-specific ligand essential for embryonic vascular stabilization, branching morphogenesis, and post-natal angiogenesis, but its contribution to endothelial cell survival has not(More)
The switch from myocyte hyperplasia to hypertrophy occurs during the early postnatal period. The exact temporal sequence when cardiac myocytes cease dividing and become terminally differentiated is not certain, although it is currently believed that the transition takes place gradually over a 1-2-week period. The present investigation has characterized the(More)
Apoptosis is meticulously controlled in living organisms. Its dysregulation has been shown to play a key role in a number of human diseases, including neoplastic, cardiovascular, and degenerative disorders. Bcl-2 family member proteins and inhibitors of apoptosis proteins are two major negative regulators of apoptosis. We report here the characterization of(More)