Futoshi Mori

Shigemi Mori8
Naomi Wada4
Megumi Goto4
8Shigemi Mori
4Naomi Wada
4Megumi Goto
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This chapter provides a conceptual overview of the role and operation of higher structures of the central nervous system (CNS) in the control of posture and locomotion in the mammal, including the nonhuman primate and the human. Both quadrupedal and bipedal locomotion require the integrated neural control of multiple body segments against gravity. During(More)
In vertebrates, the descending reticulospinal pathway is the primary means of conveying locomotor command signals from higher motor centers to spinal interneuronal circuits, the latter including the central pattern generators for locomotion. The pathway is morphologically heterogeneous, being composed of various types of inparallel-descending axons, which(More)
The operant-trained Japanese monkey, Macaca fuscata, can walk with both a quadrupedal (Qp) and a bipedal (Bp) gait on the surface of a treadmill belt, which moves at different speeds. The animal can also learn to transform its locomotor pattern from Qp to Bp, and vice versa, without a break in forward walking speed. This nonhuman primate model provides an(More)
The purpose of this study was 1). to characterize the morphology of lumbar commissural neurons (CNs) with reticulospinal inputs and 2). to quantitate their activity during locomotor rhythm generation. Intraaxonal recordings at the L4-7 level of the spinal cord were obtained in 67 neurons in the decerebrate, paralyzed cat. Fourteen of them were subsequently(More)
The Hoffman reflex (H-reflex) is a useful tool for studying the functional aspects of the spinal cord without anesthesia and/or damage to the body. H-reflex studies are performed mainly in the hindlimbs. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the characteristics of the H-reflex in the forelimbs and hindlimbs in rats anesthetized with ketamine-HCl.(More)
Bipedal locomotion is a common daily activity. Despite its apparent simplicity, it is a complex set of movements that requires the integrated neural control of multiple body segments. We have recently shown that the juvenile Japanese monkey, M. fuscata, can be operant-trained to walk bipedally on moving treadmill. It can control the body axis and lower limb(More)
The rat bipedal walking model (RBWM) refers to rats that acquired anatomical and functional characteristics for bipedal walking after the completion of a long-term motor training program. We recorded the Hoffmann reflex (H-reflex) of the forelimb and hindlimb in RBWM and control (not trained, normal) rats to evaluate the effects of bipedal walking on(More)
The three-dimensional distribution of dendrites from motoneurons innervating longissimus lumborum (Long Motoneurons) in the L4 spinal segment was examined in the adult cat using intracellular staining techniques. Long Motoneurons were electrophysiologically identified, stained with injection of biocytin and reconstructed from serial histological sections.(More)
This study investigated developmental aspects of the acquisition of operant-trained bipedal (Bp) standing and Bp walking in the normally quadrupedal (Qp) juvenile Japanese monkey (M. fuscata). Four male monkeys (age: 1.6 to 2.4 years, body weight: 3.3 to 4.6 kg) were initially operantly trained to stand upright on a smooth floor and a stationary treadmill(More)