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AIMS The present study was to investigate the role of calpain in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in endothelial cells and endothelium-dependent vascular dysfunction under experimental conditions of diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS Exposure to high glucose activated calpain, induced apoptosis and reduced nitric oxide (NO) production without changing(More)
Tanshinone II-A (Tan), a bioactive diterpene isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Danshen), possesses anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The present study investigated whether Tan can decrease and stabilize atherosclerotic plaques in Apolipoprotein-E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice maintained on a high cholesterol diet (HCD). Six week-old mice(More)
To explore the protection of emodin on renal dysfunction in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats with nephropathy and the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) signal transduction pathway in this protection. 30 male Spraque-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, model group and emodin group. The rats in the model group(More)
Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in atherogenesis, which raises the possibility of using antioxidants to ameliorate atherosclerosis. In the present study, we aim to determine the effects of tanshinone IIA (TSIIA) on atherosclerosis in hyperlipidemic rabbits. After feeding the rabbits on a high-lipid diet for 90 days, they developed severe(More)
Diabetic nephropathy, one of the microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus, is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Berberine is one of the main constituents of Coptidis Rhizoma and Cortex Phellodendri. In this study, we investigated the effects of berberine on fibronectin and collagen production, and explored the role of p38MAPK signaling(More)
Endothelial lipase (EL) is a major determinant of HDL metabolism and associated with the development of atherosclerosis, however the regulated expression of EL in atherosclerosis is unclear. In this study, we investigated EL expression in rat atherosclerosis and explored the potential mechanisms regulating EL expression by employing LPS on Raw264.7 cells in(More)
Growing evidences have shown that hypertension, cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis were associated with an overactivity of NAD(P)H oxidase. It is unknown, however, which isoform of NAD(P)H oxidase yields O(2)*(-) formation in heart and aorta in two-kidney, two-clip (2K2C) hypertensive rats in vivo and thus is responsible for the development of cardiac(More)
Lipid deposition in artery walls is implied in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and imbalance between uptake and efflux of cholesterol favors the deposition. We investigated the effect of vitamin E with the same dose and duration on the different stages of atherosclerosis in Apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE KO) mice and explored the potential mechanisms.(More)
Lectin-like oxidized LDL (oxLDL) receptor-1 (LOX-1), a novel scavenger receptor highly expressed in human and experimental atherosclerotic lesions, is responsible for the uptake of oxLDL in vascular cells. We demonstrated previously that Tanshinone II-A (Tan), a pharmacologically active compound extracted from the rhizome of the Chinese herb Salvia(More)
To elucidate the molecular mechanism by which antioxidants alleviate atherosclerosis, we investigated the effect of crocetin, a naturally occurred carotinoid with potent antioxidant power, on vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression in atherosclerotic rabbits. Twenty-four male New Zealand White rabbits were allocated to three groups fed on(More)