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Inflammation is a common feature in the pathogenesis of cigarette smoke-associated diseases. The recruitment of inflammatory cells into the lung following cigarette smoke exposure presents a risk of tissue damage through the release of toxic mediators, including proteolytic enzymes and reactive oxygen species. This review represents a toxicological approach(More)
Glucocorticoids induce the synthesis of a family of phospholipase inhibitory proteins, lipocortins. This family of lipocortins includes inhibitory proteins on phospholipase A2, phospholipase C and phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C. Hence, glucocorticoids reduce the formation of prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting cellular phospholipases,(More)
When rabbit peritoneal neutrophils were treated with glucocorticoids, their chemotactic response to stimulation by the chemoattractant fMet-Leu-Phe was markedly reduced. Preincubation of cells with glucocorticoids also decreased phospholipase A2 (phosphatide 2-acylhydrolase, EC 3.1.1.4) activity in situ as measured by the release of [1-14C]arachidonic acid(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase was purified from rabbit small intestine to apparent homogeneity as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and analytical ultracentrifugation. The native enzyme was a monomeric protein of a molecular weight of 41,000 +/- 1,000 with an s020,w value of 3.45 S. It had a relative abundance of hydrophobic amino acids such as(More)
When rabbit peritoneal leukocytes were treated with chemoattractants such as fMet-Leu-Phe, an apparent decrease of [3H]methyl incorporation into the lipid fraction from L-[methyl-3H]methionine was observed. This decrease was a result of increased degradation of methylated phospholipids, not of decreased synthesis. Chemotactic peptides did not affect the(More)
The synthesis of phosphatidylcholine from phosphatidylethanolamine is carried out by two methyltransferases in erythrocyte membranes. The first enzyme uses phosphatidylethanolamine as a substrate, requires Mg2+, and has a high affinity for methyl donor, S-adenosyl-L-methionine. The second enzyme methylates phosphatidyl-N-monomethylethanolamine to(More)