Fusako Watanabe

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OBJECTIVE Adipose tissue is closely associated with angiogenesis, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. Some of the adipocyte-derived cytokines are hypothesized to play an important role in angiogenesis. We evaluated tube formation of human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) cultured in type I collagen gel when overlaid with the(More)
A 57-year-old woman developed a ciliary body mass which compressed the anterior side of the lens with focal cataract causing the iris to protrude into the anterior chamber. The lesion was removed by a large iridocyclectomy. The mass was classified as an epithelioma of the ciliary body, which was consistent with a benign epithelioma, i.e. an adenoma of the(More)
It is known that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) enhance the expression- of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor and lower the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood. But, a triglyceride (TG)-lowering effect is also observed during their administration. To clarify the possibility that statins enhance LPL activity(More)
Metformin is known to increase lipoprotein lipase (LPL) mass level in serum. Lipoprotein lipase is produced by adipose tissue and skeletal muscles. This study aimed to examine the effect of metformin on LPL production in adipocytes and skeletal muscle cells and to investigate the mechanism by which metformin enhances LPL production. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and(More)
Previous reports indicate that 7-ketocholesterol (7KCHO) induces apoptosis of cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). We hypothesized that calcium channel blockers will inhibit SMC apoptosis induced by 7KCHO because caspase-3 activity is Ca2+ dependent and 7KCHO stimulates caspase-3 and SMC apoptosis. So, the protective effect of the calcium(More)
Pravastatin and atorvastatin increase the serum level of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) mass in vivo but do not increase LPL activity in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in vitro. LPL is mainly produced by adipose tissue and skeletal muscle cells. Metformin enhances LPL in skeletal muscle through adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation but not in(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may inhibit adipogenic differentiation by down-regulating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma gene expression in adipocytes, and adipocytes express all components of the RAS, including angiotensinogen. Expression of lipoprotein lipase (LPL), which is expressed mainly in adipocytes, is considered to be affected(More)
INTRODUCTION Nerve growth factor (NGF) has an important role in the generation of discogenic pain. We hypothesized that annular rupture is a trigger for discogenic pain through the action of NGF. In this study, the protein levels of NGF in discs from patients with disc herniation were examined and compared with those from discs of patients with other lumbar(More)
AIM Formula diet (FD), which is used as a tool for calorie restriction, has beneficial effects on metabolic disorders in obese patients; however, the molecular mechanism is not fully understood. METHODS Sixteen-week-old male Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats were divided into 3 groups (n= 10 each): calorie-controlled low-fat diet [Control; 75 kcal/day,(More)
Although tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and interleukin-17 (IL-17) play important roles in RA, their relative expression and possible correlation in synovial tissues are not well understood. In this study, mRNA expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-17, and TNF-α were investigated in individual patients with RA and the correlations between(More)