Fusae Takamine

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The Clostridium-like organisms TO-931T and HD-17, isolated from human faeces, have high levels of bile acid 7alpha-dehydroxylating activity. Sequencing of their 16S rDNA demonstrated that they belong to cluster XI of the genus Clostridium and that they represent a new and distinct line of descent. Clostridium bifermentans and Clostridium sordellii in(More)
Eubacterium sp. strain VPI 12708 has several bile acid-inducible (bai) genes which encode enzymes in the bile acid 7 alpha-dehydroxylation (7 alpha DeOH) pathway. Twelve 7 alpha DeOH-positive intestinal bacterial strains were assayed for 7 alpha DeOH activity, and 13 strains were tested for hybridization with bai genes. Cholic acid 7 alpha DeOH activity(More)
The incidence of nosocomial infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is of great concern in Japan and the developed world as a whole. Simple typing techniques like coagulase and phage typing are quick and useful for monitoring and evaluating these organisms. In view of this, the current status of antimicrobial susceptibility in(More)
The effect of intraperitoneally administered nucleic acid components (nucleoside-nucleotide mixture) on the recovery from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain 8985N infection was studied in mice. Two experiments were conducted in which BALB/c mice were fed a nucleotide-free 20% casein diet for 30 days. On the 10th day, the mice were(More)
During the period from November 1987 to March 1988, 301 strains of S. aureus isolated from clinical specimens were collected from 6 hospitals in Okinawa main island. Thirty seven percent of the strains were resistant to methicillin (MRSA, MIC greater than or equal to 12.5 micrograms/ml). There was a difference in an isolation frequency among the hospitals(More)
Germ-free mice were orally inoculated with human intestinal 7alpha-dehydroxylating bacterial strains to evaluate their ability to transform bile acids in vivo. Three weeks after inoculation of the bacteria, cecal bile acids were examined. Among free-form bile acids, only beta-muricholic acid was detected in the cecal contents of gnotobiotic mice associated(More)
BACKGROUND Haemophilus influenzae is the major cause of otitis media and lower respiratory tract infection in childhood. In the presence of human milk, which contains numerous host defense factors, Haemophilus influenzae may be inhibited in attaching to and colonizing pharyngeal cells. We investigated the incidence of H. influenzae in the throats of 162(More)
2 Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ryukyus, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan The Clostridium-like organisms TO-931T and HD-17, isolated from human faeces, have high levels of bile acid 7α-dehydroxylating activity. Sequencing of their 16S rDNA demonstrated that they belong to cluster XI of the genus Clostridium(More)
The effects of oral RNA and intraperitoneal nucleoside-nucleotide mixture administration on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain 8985N infection were studied in mice. BALB/c mice were fed a nucleic acid-free diet or nucleic acid-free diet supplemented with 0.5% or 2.5% ribonucleic acid (RNA) for 30 days. Nucleoside-nucleotide mixture or(More)