Fusae Kawana

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BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) induces inflammation and vascular damage that might contribute to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the mechanisms linking OSA and CVD are not fully understood. Pentraxin3 may play a significant role in vascular inflammation and damage. Currently, there is lack of data on pentraxin3 and its(More)
Prolonged P-wave duration, indicating atrial conduction delay, is a marker of left atrial abnormality and is reported as a potent precursor of atrial fibrillation (AF). Several studies have shown that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with AF. We evaluated the relationship between OSA and prolonged P-wave duration. Consecutive subjects who(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate whether effective suppression of central sleep apnea (CSA) by adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) improves underlying cardiac dysfunction among patients with heart failure (HF) in whom CSA was not effectively suppressed by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). BACKGROUND The presence of CSA in HF is(More)
BACKGROUND An arterial stiffness parameter, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), has been developed. CAVI is adjusted for BP and can be used to measure arterial stiffness with little influence of BP. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility, validity, and clinical usefulness of CAVI among patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA),(More)
OBJECTIVE Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been established as an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Recently, several auto-CPAP devices that can detect upper airway obstructive events and provide information about residual events while patients are on CPAP have come into clinical use. The purpose of(More)
We examined the inhibitory effect of 20 antiviral compounds, including ribavirin, on the replication of respiratory syncytial virus in HeLa and HEp-2 cell cultures. Of the compounds studied, pyrazofurin and 3-deazaguanine emerged as more potent inhibitors of respiratory syncytial virus than ribavirin. Based on their inhibitory effect on the(More)
We describe a handmade eye movement monitor featuring a piezoelectric device for use during transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). The sensor consists of a piezoelectric device, condensers, resistors, and several inexpensive parts. Eyeball movements elicited by surgical manipulations during TSS for cavernous sinus tumor are detected by small disc-shaped sensors(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged P-wave duration, indicating atrial conduction delay, is a potent precursor of atrial fibrillation. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation development. We investigated the association of P-wave duration with OSA and its treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS We enrolled 80 consecutive men with normal sinus(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the acute effects of clonazepam and clonidine on rhythmic masticatory muscle activity in young adults with primary sleep bruxism, as well as accompanying effects on sleep architecture and cardiac activity. This study used a double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled design. Polysomnography was performed on 19 subjects(More)
To investigate the association between each clinical diagnosis criterion for sleep bruxism (SB) and the frequency of jaw motor events during sleep. Video-polysomnography was performed on 17 healthy adult subjects (mean age, 26.7 ± 2.8 years), with at least one of the following clinical signs and symptoms of SB: (1) a report of frequent tooth grinding, (2)(More)