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BACKGROUND With the increasing global crude oil crisis and resulting environmental concerns, the production of biofuels from renewable resources has become increasingly important. One of the major challenges faced during the process of biofuel production is the low tolerance of the microbial host towards increasing biofuel concentrations. RESULTS Here, we(More)
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the causative agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), and porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS). It has caused heavy losses in global agriculture in recent decades. Rapid detection of PCV2 is very important for the effective prophylaxis and treatment of PMWS. A loop-mediated isothermal(More)
Sichuan Basin situated in the west of China, the fourth-largest basin of China, is a special area with complicated geomorphology (mountain, pasture, gorge, virgin forest, highland, hurst, glacier, and plain), and contains a rich and unique biodiversity. In order to describe a systematic study ofcry gene resources fromBacillus thuringiensis (Bt) strains of(More)
Biosynthesis of liquid fuels and biomass-based building block chemicals from microorganisms have been regarded as a competitive alternative route to traditional. Zymomonas mobilis possesses a number of desirable characteristics for its special Entner-Doudoroff pathway, which makes it an ideal platform for both metabolic engineering and commercial-scale(More)
Furfural from lignocellulosic hydrolysates is the prevalent inhibitor to microorganisms during cellulosic ethanol production, but the molecular mechanisms of tolerance to this inhibitor in Zymomonas mobilis are still unclear. In this study, genome-wide transcriptional responses to furfural were investigated in Z. mobilis using microarray analysis. We found(More)
Furfural and acetic acid from lignocellulosic hydrolysates are the prevalent inhibitors to Zymomonas mobilis during cellulosic ethanol production. Developing a strain tolerant to furfural or acetic acid inhibitors is difficul by using rational engineering strategies due to poor understanding of their underlying molecular mechanisms. In this study, strategy(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND High tolerance to ethanol is a desirable characteristics for ethanologenic strains used in industrial ethanol fermentation. A deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying ethanologenic strains tolerance of ethanol stress may guide the design of rational strategies to increase process performance in industrial(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis strain BtMC28 was isolated from the soil sample in China. Two novel crystal protein genes were found by using the PCR-RFLP method. Moreover, the full-length sequences of two novel genes were obtained by a single oligonucleotide nested (SON)-PCR upstream and downstream strategy. Sequence analysis revealed that one gene encoded a(More)
—The power law process (PLP) is usually applied to failure data from a single repairable system. When a system has a number of copies for analysis, the usual approach is to assume homogeneity among all system copies, and then to pool data from these copies. In the real world, however, it may be more reasonable to assume heterogeneity among the system(More)
Furfural from lignocellulosic hydrolysates is the key inhibitor for bio-ethanol fermentation. In this study, we report a strategy of improving the furfural tolerance in Zymomonas mobilis on the transcriptional level by engineering its global transcription sigma factor (σ70, RpoD) protein. Three furfural tolerance RpoD mutants (ZM4-MF1, ZM4-MF2, and ZM4-MF3)(More)