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We have exposed cultured bone cells to a pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) for different times to find the minimal exposure time necessary to stimulate an increase of DNA synthesis. We used two different human osteosarcoma cell lines, TE-85 and MG-63, and human normal osteoblast cell (NHOC) obtained from surgical bone specimens. The cells were placed in(More)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma, the most frequently occurring malignant head and neck tumour, generally exhibits poor prognosis and metastases are the main cause of death. The discovery of reliable prognostic indicators of tumour progression could greatly improve clinical practice. MicroRNAs are involved in the regulation of basic cellular processes such as(More)
The malformation of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) is a common congenital disease that affects approximately 1/1000 newborns in Caucasian populations. Genetic studies indicate that CL/P has the characteristics of a complex genetic trait. Linkage analysis and mouse-model knockout studies have suggested several candidate genes(More)
The normal development of cranial primordia and orofacial structures involves fundamental processes in which growth, morphogenesis, and cell differentiation take place and interactions between extracellular matrix (ECM) components, growth factors and embryonic tissues are involved. Biochemical and molecular aspects of craniofacial development, such as the(More)
Demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) is widely used in periodontal regeneration procedures as a scaffold for new bone formation in periodontal defects. How this biomaterial alters osteoblast activity to promote bone formation is poorly understood. We therefore attempted to address this question by using microarray techniques to identify genes(More)
Maternal folic acid supplementation in early pregnancy has been suggested to play a role in the prevention of nonsyndromic orofacial cleft, i.e., cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P). Moreover, some authors demonstrated association of the C-->T mutation (C677T), converting an alanine to a valine residue in 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase(More)
Central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) of the jaws is a central osteolytic lesion characterized histologically by multinucleated giant cells in a background of ovoid to spindle-shaped mesenchymal cells. Whether CGCG is a reactive lesion or a truly benign neoplasm remains undetermined, and the mechanism determining the onset of the disease remains unknown. To(More)
Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two main periodontal diseases. Both are characterized by inflammation of the tissues surrounding the teeth but while tissue damages observed in gingivitis are mild and reversible, destruction caused by periodontitis is deeper and irreversible. Periodontal diseases and levels of degeneration of tissues surrounding teeth(More)
A series of 78 cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma was analysed by immunohistochemistry for expression of survivin, a recent apoptosis inhibitor. All cases were positive for survivin expression and were divided into two groups using a system of scores. Disease-specific survival curves were calculated according to Kaplan-Meier algorithm, and log rank test(More)
Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) affects approximately 1 in 1,000 births. Genetic studies have provided evidence for the role of several genes and candidate loci in clefting; however, conflicting results have frequently been obtained and much have to be done to unravel the complex genetics of CL/P. In the present investigation we(More)