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Polyphyllin D (PD) is a potent cytotoxic saponin found in Paris polyphylla. In the present study, bioinformatic, proteomic and transcriptomic analyses were performed to study the mechanisms of action of PD on human nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell line (NCI-H460). Using a gene expression-based bioinformatic tool (connectivity map), PD was identified(More)
[Ru(tBu2bpy)2(2-appt)](PF6)2 [1.(PF6)2, tBu2bpy = 4,4'-di-tert-butyl-2,2'-bipyridine, 2-appt = 2-amino-4-phenylamino-6-(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine] and [Re(CO)3(2-appt)Cl] (2) were prepared and characterized by X-ray crystal analysis. The binding of 1.(PF6)2 and 2 to calf thymus DNA (ct DNA) led to increases in the DNA melting temperature (Delta Tm = +12(More)
SIRT1, a longevity regulator and NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase, plays a critical role in promoting metabolic fitness associated with calorie restriction and healthy ageing. Using a tissue-specific transgenic approach, the present study demonstrates that over-expression of human SIRT1 selectively in adipose tissue of mice prevents ageing-induced deterioration(More)
A quantitative structure-activity (affinity) relationship (QSAR) study is carried out to model the proton, sodium, copper, and silver cation affinities of alpha-amino acids (AA). Stepping multiple linear regression (MLR), partial least squares (PLS), and artificial neural network (ANN) approaches are applied to elucidate the multiple factors affecting these(More)
Since the clinical success of cisplatin and its derivatives, considerable effort has been expended by academics and pharmacological companies to the development of novel metal-based drugs. DNA is believed to be the main target of cisplatin, and there have been extensive studies on the binding between metal complexes and DNA targets. Recently, new light has(More)
Inducing tumor cell death is one of the major therapeutic strategies in treating cancer. The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanism underlying the involvement of autophagy in cell death induced by timosaponin AIII (TAIII). Cell viability was determined by MTT and cologenic assay; apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry and TUNEL assay;(More)
Topoisomerase I (top1) is the sole chemotherapeutic target for the anticancer alkaloid camptothecin and its analogs (CPTs). The CPTs mediate cytotoxicity by binding reversibly to transient top1-DNA covalent complexes. There is significant variation in the persistence of the resultant CPTs-top1-DNA ternary complexes formed. Presently, there is no reliable(More)
The fluorescein-labeled E166C mutant of the PenPC beta-lactamase (E166Cf) represents a successful model in the construction of "switch-on" fluorescent biosensors from nonallosteric proteins (Chan P.-H. et al.; J. Am Chem. Soc., 2004, 126, 4074). This paper focuses on the study of the biosensing mechanism by which the E166Cf biosensor changes its(More)
Topoisomerase IB (Top1) inhibitors, such as camptothecin (CPT), stabilize the Top1-DNA cleavage complex in a DNA sequence-dependent manner. The sequence selectivity of Top1 inhibitors is important for targeting specific genomic sequences of therapeutic value. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this selectivity remain largely unknown. We performed(More)
The survival kinase Akt and the tumor suppressor LKB1 elicit opposite effects on cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. The present study demonstrates that Akt acts as an upstream kinase of LKB1 to promote the phosphorylation at Ser334 and facilitate its binding to 14-3-3 proteins, resulting in a decreased interaction with STE20-related adaptor protein α(More)