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Blood and/or breast milk have been used to assess human exposure to various environmental contaminants. Few studies have been available to compare the concentrations in one matrix with those in another. The goals of this study were to determine the current levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in Japanese(More)
Pregnant mothers with yusho in Fukuoka, Nagasaki and Kochi Prefectures delivered babies with a peculiar clinical manifestation which will be called fetal PCB syndrome (FPS). The birth rate incidences were 3.6% (Fukuoka Prefecture), 4% (Nagasaki Prefecture), 2.9% (Kochi Prefecture) and 3.9% (total). The manifestations consisted of dark brown pigmentation of(More)
Transposons are promising systems for somatic gene integration because they can not only integrate exogenous genes efficiently, but also be delivered to a variety of organs using a range of transfection methods. piggyBac (PB) transposon has a high transposability in mammalian cells in vitro, and has been used for genetic and preclinical studies. However,(More)
In the age of combinatorial chemistry and high throughput screening, large-scale data of bioactive chemicals oriented to drug development are being accumulated. Due to the difficulties inherent in understanding such large quantities of data, information visualization techniques are increasingly attractive. Authors apply " HeiankyoView " , which is the(More)
It is a difficult task to recognize the trends in molecular physical properties relevant to a specific chemical class and find a way to optimize potential compounds. We present here a novel hierarchical data visualization technique, named "HeiankyoView", to visualize large-scale multidimensional chemical information. HeiankyoView represents hierarchically(More)
S-Nitrosothiols are an interesting class of nitric oxide (NO) donors used for the treatment of circulation disorders. In this study, we developed a novel macromolecular NO donor in which 10 NO molecules were covalently bound to polyethylene glycol (PEG)-conjugated bovine serum albumin (BSA) through S-nitrosothiol linkages (PEG-poly SNO-BSA). Intermolecular(More)
Induction of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) expression is often implicated in clinically relevant drug-drug interactions (DDI), as metabolism catalyzed by this enzyme is the dominant route of elimination for many drugs. Although several DDI models have been proposed, none have comprehensively considered the effects of enzyme transcription/translation dynamics(More)
In the lead optimization process, medicinal chemists must consider various chemical properties of active compounds, including ADME/Tox properties, and find the best compromise among these. This study presents a novel data mining method for multiobjective optimization of chemical properties, which consists of the hierarchical classification and visualization(More)
PURPOSE To develop a novel and effective approach to inhibit tumor metastasis based on controlled delivery of catalase, we first evaluated the characteristics of the disposition and proliferation of tumor cells. Then, we examined the effects of polyethylene glycol-conjugated catalase (PEG-catalase) on tumor metastasis. On the basis of the results obtained,(More)