Fumiyoshi Yamashita

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Blood and/or breast milk have been used to assess human exposure to various environmental contaminants. Few studies have been available to compare the concentrations in one matrix with those in another. The goals of this study were to determine the current levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in Japanese(More)
The transport of model proteins, ranging from 12,300 to 150,000 Da, across tight rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers (> 2000omegacm2) grown on polycarbonate filters, was studied. Model proteins were 14C-cytochrome c, 14C-ovalbumin, granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), 14C-bovine serum albumin (BSA), 125I-transferrin, and 14C-immunoglobulin G.(More)
Purpose. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the in vivo genetransfer for galactosylated liposomes containingcholesten-5-yloxy-N-(4-((1-imino-2-β-D-thiogalactosylethyl)amino)butyl)formamide(Gal-C4-Chol)in relation to lipid composition and charge ratio. Methods. Galactosylated cationic liposomes(More)
Chitosan has potential as a biocompatible gene carrier. However, its gene transfection efficiency is low because of its slow endosomal escape rate. Histidine has buffering capacity in the pH range of endosomes/lysosomes. The structure of dendron consists of a central core with several chains radiating from it and many histidines could be conjugated on the(More)
Combinatorial chemistry and high-throughput screening have increased the possibility of finding new lead compounds at much shorter time periods than conventional medicinal chemistry. However, too much promising drug candidates often fail because of unsatisfactory ADME properties. In silico ADME studies are expected to reduce the risk of late-stage attrition(More)
The nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) signaling pathway is a key mechanism in the pathophysiology of lung inflammation. NFκB is critically responsible for the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators following activation. The specific inhibition of NFκB by a NFκB decoy via inhalation appears to improve therapeutic effects. However, administration of naked NFκB(More)
In this study, we synthesized dendritic poly(L-lysine)s (DPKs), dendritic poly(L-ornithine)s (DPOs), which are constructed as novel amino acid dendrimers, and PEGylated KG6 (the sixth generation of DPKs), and evaluated the physicochemical properties and biodistribution characteristics of these dendrimers. The particle size of DPKs and DPOs was well(More)
Transposons are promising systems for somatic gene integration because they can not only integrate exogenous genes efficiently, but also be delivered to a variety of organs using a range of transfection methods. piggyBac (PB) transposon has a high transposability in mammalian cells in vitro, and has been used for genetic and preclinical studies. However,(More)
In the present study, we developed an approach involving a combination of molecular orbital (MO) calculation and neural network to predict Caco-2 cell permeability (logP(app)) from the molecular structure of compounds. For a total of 87 compounds with logP(app) values obtained from the literature, three-dimensional molecular structures were determined by(More)
Purpose. Plasmid DNA (pDNA) has become an important class of macromolecular agent suitable for non-viral gene therapy as well as DNA vaccination. Our recent study has suggested that pDNA is taken up by mouse peritoneal macrophages via a specific mechanism mediated by a receptor similar to the scavenger receptor (SR). This study was designed to further(More)