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BACKGROUND Myocardial ischemia (MI) leads to derangements in cellular electrical stability and the generation of lethal arrhythmias. Vagal nerve stimulation has been postulated to contribute to the antifibrillatory effect. Here, we suggest a novel mechanism for the antiarrhythmogenic properties of vagal stimulation during acute MI. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical correlates of PR-segment depression among consecutive asymptomatic patients with pericardial effusion (PE) detected by routine echocardiography. BACKGROUND Pericardial effusion is a relatively common finding in clinical practice, but not many studies have evaluated electrocardiographic(More)
Although aspirin has become an established medicine for cardiac and cerebrovascular diseases, the optimal dose remains unknown. We evaluated the optimal dose of aspirin on platelet activity and endothelial function by administering 11 healthy male volunteers (32 ± 6 years of age) doses of aspirin that were increased in a stepwise manner (0, 81, 162, 330 and(More)
BACKGROUND In spite of recent advances in coronary interventional therapy, reperfusion injury is still considered to be a major problem in patients undergoing surgical procedures, such as bypass grafting. Here we demonstrate a novel therapeutic strategy against ischemia-reperfusion injury: vagally mediated prevention of reperfusion-induced opening of(More)
Increased arterial stiffness is strongly associated with atherosclerosis, while platelet activation is an important trigger of thrombotic events in patients with atherosclerosis. However, little is known about the effect of arterial stiffness on platelet activation. We therefore investigated the association between arterial stiffness and platelet activation(More)
Vagal nerve stimulation (VS) has been reported to improve the survival after both acute and chronic myocardial infarction through the release of neurotransmitter ACh. However, the precise mechanism behind its beneficial effect is still unknown. In this study, we demonstrate the upregulation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and its cell survival(More)
We evaluated the clinical significance of angiographic indexes and pericardial involvement in predicting increased risk of free wall rupture after reperfusion therapy and found that Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) <3 flow grade after reperfusion therapy was a significant variable related to the free wall rupture. Moreover, pericardial rub was(More)
Patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and triple vessel coronary disease generally have poor prognoses. However, it is not known whether there are particular angiographic variables associated with the poor prognosis in MI patients with triple vessel disease. The angiographic variables for poor prognosis were investigated in 43 MI patients with triple(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that chronic vagal nerve stimulation markedly improved long-term survival after chronic heart failure (CHF) in rats through cardioprotective effects of acetylcholine, independent of the heart rate-slowing mechanism. However, such an approach is invasive and its safety is unknown in clinical settings. To develop an(More)
The acetylcholinesterase inhibitor donepezil hydrochloride improves cognitive function in patients with Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. Given acetylcholine's important actions on the heart, we undertook a retrospective cohort investigation to assess whether donepezil usage affects cardiovascular mortality. In patients treated with donepezil,(More)