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In complex neural circuits of the brain, massive information is processed with neuronal communication through synaptic transmissions. It is thus fundamental to delineate information flows encoded by various kinds of transmissions. Here, we show that glutamate signals from two distinct sensory neurons bidirectionally affect the same postsynaptic interneuron,(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is a ligand-dependent transcription factor that directly activates the expression of adipocyte-specific genes, and is universally accepted as the master regulator for adipocyte differentiation. Using a PPARγ luciferase reporter assay system, we showed that 4',6-dimethoxyisoflavone-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(More)
The surface tension of the aqueous solution of 1H,1H,8H,8H-perfluorooctane-1,8-diol (FC(8)diol) was measured as a function of temperature and concentration under atmospheric pressure. The interfacial density and the entropy and energy of adsorption were evaluated and compared to those obtained for the adsorption of 1H,1H,10H,10H-perfluorodecane-1,10-diol(More)
The surface tension γ of the aqueous solution of 1H,1H,6H,6H-perfluorohexane-1,6-diol (FC₆diol) and 1H,1H,8H,8H-perfluorooctane-1,8-diol (FC8diol) mixtures was measured as a function of total molality m and composition of FC₈diol in the mixture X₂ at 293.15 K under atmospheric pressure. The γ vs m curves except at X₂ = 0 and 0.05 have a distinct break point(More)
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