Fumiya Kawahara

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Global production of chickens has trebled in the past two decades and they are now the most important source of dietary animal protein worldwide. Chickens are subject to many infectious diseases that reduce their performance and productivity. Coccidiosis, caused by apicomplexan protozoa of the genus Eimeria, is one of the most important poultry diseases.(More)
To detect five different avian Eimeria species, we applied the SYBR Green-based real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the diagnosis of field-isolated parasites by using their individual species-specific primer sets. The primer sets were originally designed for Eimeria acervulina, E brunetti, E necatrix, and E tenella based on the sequence of(More)
At present, morphological characteristics of oocyst is the only achievable method for the identification of bovine coccidia to the species level. In this study, the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS-1) region of ribosomal RNA genes of six bovine Eimeria species; E. alabamensis, E. auburnensis, E. bovis, E. cylindrica, E. ellipsoidalis and E. zuernii, were(More)
The phylum Apicomplexa includes serious pathogens of humans and animals. Understanding the distribution and population structure of these protozoan parasites is of fundamental importance to explain disease epidemiology and develop sustainable controls. Predicting the likely efficacy and longevity of subunit vaccines in field populations relies on knowledge(More)
Trypanosome-derived lymphocyte-triggering factor (TLTF) produced by Trypanosoma brucei brucei stimulates production of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) by CD8+ T cells, and it is reported that, in turn, IFN-gamma stimulates proliferation of T. b. brucei. We studied the role of TLTF in trypanosome proliferation using the Wellcome strain (WS) of Trypanosoma(More)
The previous release of our Full-parasites database (http://fullmal.hgc.jp/) brought enhanced functionality, an expanded full-length cDNA content, and new RNA-Seq datasets from several important apicomplexan parasites. The 2015 update witnesses the major shift in the databases content with focus on diverse transcriptomes of the apicomplexan parasites. The(More)
In order to understand the effects of an immunomodulator in vivo, we performed time series analysis on mice given an aminopeptidase inhibitor, bestatin. This agent, which is known to be an immunopotentiator, caused peculiar oscillation of the activities of various hydrolytic enzymes in spleen. Autocorrelation curves obtained from serial data of each(More)
Eimeria necatrix-specific ELISA, using a recombinant antigen (the cDNA-clone NP19 expressing protein), was utilized to detect antibodies against E. necatrix in breeder pullet flocks that had previously received an attenuated live vaccine to E. necatrix. Vaccinated flocks were discriminated significantly from non-vaccinated flocks by their antibody titers(More)
Necrotic enteritis (NE) is one of the most important bacterial diseases in terms of economic losses. Clostridium perfringens necrotic enteritis toxin B, NetB, was recently proposed as a new key virulent factor for the development of NE. The goal of this work was to develop a necrotic enteritis model in chickens by using a Japanese isolate of C. perfringens.(More)