Fumito Naganuma

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Molecular imaging in neuroscience is a new research field that enables visualization of the impact of molecular events on brain structure and function in humans. While magnetic resonance-based imaging techniques can provide complex information at the level of system, positron emission tomography (PET) enables determination of the distribution and density of(More)
Histaminergic neurons are activated by histamine H(3) receptor (H(3)R) antagonists, increasing histamine and other neurotransmitters in the brain. The prototype H(3)R antagonist thioperamide increases locomotor activity and anxiety-like behaviours; however, the mechanisms underlying these effects have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to determine(More)
Histamine clearance is an essential process for avoiding excessive histaminergic neuronal activity. Previous studies using rodents revealed the predominant role of astrocytes in brain histamine clearance. However, the molecular mechanism of histamine clearance has remained unclear. We detected histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT), a histamine-metabolizing(More)
L-histidine is one of the essential amino acids for humans, and it plays a critical role as a component of proteins. L-histidine is also important as a precursor of histamine. Brain histamine is synthesized from L-histidine in the presence of histidine decarboxylase, which is expressed in histamine neurons. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate the(More)
Monoamine neurotransmitters should be immediately removed from the synaptic cleft to avoid excessive neuronal activity. Recent studies have shown that astrocytes and neurons are involved in monoamine removal. However, the mechanism of monoamine transport by astrocytes is not entirely clear. We aimed to elucidate the transporters responsible for monoamine(More)
Visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) variability is an important predictor of stroke. However, which antihypertensive drug combination is better at reducing visit-to-visit BP variability and therefore at reducing stroke incidence remains uncertain. We have previously reported that the dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker benidipine combined with a(More)
Pancreatic α-cells secrete glucagon to maintain energy homeostasis. Although histamine has an important role in energy homeostasis, the expression and function of histamine receptors in pancreatic α-cells remains unknown. We found that the histamine H3 receptor (H3R) was expressed in mouse pancreatic α-cells and αTC1.6 cells, a mouse pancreatic α-cell line.(More)
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