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Gap junction is thought to have a crucial role in maintaining tissue homeostasis. We examined the effect of a high glucose level on gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) activity in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) using the fluorescent dye transfer method. After a 48-h incubation with 22 mmol/l glucose (high glucose level), GJIC(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is important in coordinating the cells in maintaining tissue homeostasis and in regulating signal transmission. We examined the effect of elevated glucose on GJIC activity in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells. GJIC activity was assessed by quantitating the transfer from cell to cell of directly(More)
The effects of drugs related to cyclic AMP and a tumor promoter, phorbol ester, on intercellular communications via gap junctions were investigated by the Lucifer Yellow-transfer method in cultured rabbit gastric epithelial cells. Cells were in contact with each drug for 4 hr before the microinjection of the dye into a cell. Dye transfer capacity was(More)
Irsogladine, an agent that protects gastric mucosa against various ulcerogenic stimuli through increasing cyclic AMP in surface mucous cells, has been reported to dose-dependently (10(-7) to 10(-5) M) facilitate gap-junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in gastric epithelial cells. The beta adrenergic agonist, isoproterenol, stimulates GJIC in(More)
The capacity for intercellular communication (IC) via gap junctions is found in normal pancreatic acinar cells. The major role of IC is considered to be the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and the regulation of signal transmissions. Up to now, the participation of IC via gap junctions in acute pancreatitis has not been reported. We investigated the role(More)
Adrenergic regulation of prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis was investigated in 1-14C-arachidonic acid-prelabeled cultured rabbit gastric epithelial cells (RGECs). RGECs expressed adrenergic alpha 1- and beta-receptors and muscarinic receptors. Norepinephrine facilitated the synthesis of PGs I2 (determined as the stable metabolite 6-keto PGF1 alpha) and E2 and(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is known to be important in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis. However, the role of GJIC in gastric mucosa has not been well investigated. We tested the hypothesis that maintenance of GJIC protects rat gastric mucosa against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) stress by using irsogladine, an activator of GJIC,(More)
The anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic and ulcerogenic activities of etodolac (CAS 41340-25-4), a new nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent, were compared with those of indometacin and other anti-inflammatory drugs in experimental animals. Etodolac had a remarkable anti-inflammatory effect in various experimental models: ultraviolet erythema,(More)
The anti-inflammatory effects of etodolac (Eto) were compared with those of 6 other anti-inflammatory drugs: indomethacin (Ind), diclofenac Na (Dic), piroxicam (Pir), naproxen (Nap), ketoprofen (Ket) and aspirin (Asp). Eto inhibited carrageenin-induced edema in rats, adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats, acetic acid-induced writhing in mice and brewer's(More)
We studied effects of a novel alpha-2 adrenoceptor antagonist, YNS-15P (N-[(2R,11bS)-9-methoxy-1,3,4,6,7, 11b-hexahydro-2H-benzoquinolizin-2-yl]-N-methylmethanesulfonami de hydrochloride), on colonic propulsion stimulated by wrap-restraint stress (WRS) or bethanechol, on normal colonic propulsion and on diarrhea induced by castor oil in rats. Alpha-2(More)