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We recently demonstrated that ischemic preconditioning (PC) induced by cyclic episodes of short duration of ischemia and reperfusion potentiates a signal transduction cascade involving Janus kinase (JAK) 2 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). A rapid activation of JAK and several STATs, including STAT3, STAT5A, and STAT6 also(More)
We describe three cases of HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM) with abnormal spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. The serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of all 3 patients tested positive for anti-HTLV-I antibody. Swelling of the spinal cord with high-intensity lesions on T2-weighted images was observed. Corticosteroid treatment in the case of(More)
We present the cases of 3 patients with a histidine-to-arginine substitution at position 46 of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene. Consistent with previous reports, the initial symptom in each patient was unilateral weakness in the distal leg muscles. Remarkably, muscular atrophy in these patients during the early stage of the disease was more specific to(More)
When cerebral infarction develops during pregnancy, treatment without adverse effects must be considered not only for the mother but also for the fetus. Because pregnant women were excluded from many clinical trials, clear treatment guidance for them is not shown in the package inserts or guidelines of many drugs. We report the case of a 35-year-old woman(More)
BACKGROUND In clinical practice, secondary prevention in patients with ischemic stroke (IS) needs to be continued permanently; however, antithrombotic agents are sometimes stopped by clinicians or the patients themselves. The rate of non-taking oral antithrombotic agents was evaluated in IS patients. METHODS 266 consecutive patients (154 men and 112(More)
A 50-year-old man suffering from generalized convulsions and right quadrantic hemianopia was admitted to the hospital. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed an enhanced ring in the left parieto-occipital lobe, suggesting a brain abscess (Figure 1). The patient underwent an immediate craniotomy and drainage. Culture of pus yielded ␣-hemolytic(More)
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