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OBJECTIVES We sought to demonstrate the mode of spontaneous onset of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in patients with Brugada syndrome. BACKGROUND The electrophysiologic mechanisms of VF in Brugada syndrome have not been fully investigated. METHODS Nineteen patients (all male, mean age 47 +/- 12 years) with Brugada syndrome were treated with an(More)
Postoperative conditions after a Fontan-type operation, particularly as they affect results in the early term, are thought to depend on factors such as the state of pulmonary circulation and ventricular function. In this study, we attempted to determine the factors that influence ventricular characteristics in the middle term after Fontan-type procedures.(More)
Between November 1987 and January 1990, 33 patients (tricuspid atresia, 9 patients; mitral atresia, 3; single ventricle, 15; others, 6) underwent Fontan operations. The rate of blood flow returning to the heart during aortic cross-clamping was measured as an indication of the extent of development of aortopulmonary collateral arteries. Percent cardiac(More)
We recently demonstrated that ischemic preconditioning (PC) induced by cyclic episodes of short duration of ischemia and reperfusion potentiates a signal transduction cascade involving Janus kinase (JAK) 2 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). A rapid activation of JAK and several STATs, including STAT3, STAT5A, and STAT6 also(More)
Normal guinea-pig serum (GPS) lacking detectable antiviral antibody efficiently neutralized the infectivity of influenza B virus grown in chick embryos or MDCK cells. The inhibitor was heat-labile and sensitive to trypsin digestion. This beta-like inhibitor required Ca2+ and the complement components C1 and C4 for its activity. In contrast, GPS did not(More)
Six patients with hepatic laceration underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 0.5T. Acute hepatic laceration was slightly hypointense on T1-weighted spin-echo (SE) image, and hyperintense on T2- and proton-weighted SE images. Subacute laceration was heterogeneously intense on T1-weighted image and hyperintense on T2- and proton-weighted images.(More)
BACKGROUND Stereotactic radiation therapy is highly effective in the treatment of small brain metastases, regardless of the histology. This suggests that small extracranial malignancies may be curable with similar radiation therapy. The authors developed a novel treatment unit for administering such therapy. METHODS The unit consisted of a linear(More)
The relationship between the calcium content of the St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution and the degree of tissue protection it affords has been characterized by means of an isolated working rat heart preparation subjected to normothermic ischemic arrest. With a 3 minute period of preischemic infusion of solutions containing calcium chloride(More)
Unifocalization, a surgical technique to unifocalize the pulmonary blood supply in patients with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries, is a useful preparative operation to extend the indication for corrective surgery. The preoperative and postoperative pulmonary angiograms of 51 patients (aged 3 months-26(More)