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Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is important in coordinating the cells in maintaining tissue homeostasis and in regulating signal transmission. We examined the effect of elevated glucose on GJIC activity in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells. GJIC activity was assessed by quantitating the transfer from cell to cell of directly(More)
Gap junction is thought to have a crucial role in maintaining tissue homeostasis. We examined the effect of a high glucose level on gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) activity in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) using the fluorescent dye transfer method. After a 48-h incubation with 22 mmol/l glucose (high glucose level), GJIC(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is known to be important in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis. However, the role of GJIC in gastric mucosa has not been well investigated. We tested the hypothesis that maintenance of GJIC protects rat gastric mucosa against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) stress by using irsogladine, an activator of GJIC,(More)
The capacity for intercellular communication (IC) via gap junctions is found in normal pancreatic acinar cells. The major role of IC is considered to be the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and the regulation of signal transmissions. Up to now, the participation of IC via gap junctions in acute pancreatitis has not been reported. We investigated the role(More)
Evidence is accumulating that gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) plays an important role in the gastric mucosal defense system. This study was conducted to determine whether GJIC mediates a restitution process in gastric mucosa. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fasted and anesthetized. Gastric injury was induced by luminal perfusion with 0.2N(More)
Irsogladine, an agent that protects gastric mucosa against various ulcerogenic stimuli through increasing cyclic AMP in surface mucous cells, has been reported to dose-dependently (10(-7) to 10(-5) M) facilitate gap-junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in gastric epithelial cells. The beta adrenergic agonist, isoproterenol, stimulates GJIC in(More)
The effects of drugs related to cyclic AMP and a tumor promoter, phorbol ester, on intercellular communications via gap junctions were investigated by the Lucifer Yellow-transfer method in cultured rabbit gastric epithelial cells. Cells were in contact with each drug for 4 hr before the microinjection of the dye into a cell. Dye transfer capacity was(More)
The development of gap junctions in rat gastric surface mucous cells during their maturation were examined by indirect immunofluorescence and freeze-fracture methods. Monoclonal antibody against liver gap junction protein stained in large spots along the intercellular junctions between mature gastric surface mucous cells. On the other hand, relatively small(More)
Etodolac, which inhibits the activity of cyclooxygenase, did not affect antigen-induced contractions of the trachea and lung parenchyma of guinea pigs. Indomethacin tended to enhance antigen-induced contractions of the trachea and significantly enhanced contractions of the lung parenchyma. The inhibitory activity of AA-861, a 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, in(More)
Changes in the cyclic AMP (cAMP) content of the gastric mucosa induced by ulcerogenic stimuli were investigated in rats. Ligation of the pylorus for 5 hr produced no glandular mucosal lesion, but increased the cAMP content in the fundus and antrum. Aspirin produced glandular mucosal lesions in the pylorus-ligated rats and caused an increase of the cAMP(More)