Fumio Tamura

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Induction of haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1) may provide an important protective effect for cells against oxidative stress. Here, we investigated the mechanism of cytoprotection of HO-1 in solid tumour with a focus on the antiapoptotic activity of HO-1. Treatment of rat hepatoma AH136B cells with the HO inhibitor zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP IX) or tin(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of 3-hour infusional paclitaxel for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer with measurable metastatic diseases. Eligibility criteria included no more than one regimen of prior chemotherapy. Paclitaxel was administered as an intravenous infusion over 3 hours at a dose of 210 mg/m2 every(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are critical mediators of tissue remodeling. Inappropriate regulation of MMPs causes many pathological events, including microbial invasion and inflammatory tissue damage. Some of the bacterial exoproteinases can effectively activate pro-MMPs (inactive zymogens) via limited proteolysis around their autoinhibitory domains. In(More)
For many diseases, mediation of pathogenesis by nitric oxide (NO) has been suggested. In this study, we explored NO-induced viral pathogenesis with a focus on nucleic acid damage as evidenced by 8-nitroguanosine formation in vivo. Wild-type mice and littermate mice deficient in inducible NO synthase (iNOS) were infected with influenza or Sendai virus.(More)
Streptococcus pyogenes thiol proteinase, also known as streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B (SpeB), has been suggested to be a major virulence factor in S. pyogenes infection. SpeB was reported to induce apoptosis of host cells, but its mechanism of action is not yet fully understood. In this study, we examined the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases(More)
Host defense functions of nitric oxide (NO) are known for many bacterial infections. In this study, we investigated the antimicrobial effect of NO in murine salmonellosis by using inducible NO synthase (iNOS)-deficient mice infected with an avirulent or virulent Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain. All iNOS-deficient mice died of severe(More)
The dnaJ and dnaK genes are essential for replication of Escherichia coli DNA, and they constitute an operon, dnaJ being downstream from dnaK. The amount of the dnaJ protein in E. coli is substantially less than that of the dnaK protein, which is produced abundantly. In order to construct a system that over-produces the dnaJ protein, we started our study by(More)
BACKGROUND No standard chemotherapy regimen has been established for unresectable or recurrent small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA). METHODS Clinical courses of 132 patients with unresectable or recurrent SBA who received chemotherapy at 41 institutions in Japan were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were classified into five groups according to first-line(More)
BACKGROUND FOLFIRI and FOLFOX have shown equivalent efficacy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), but their comparative effectiveness is unknown when combined with bevacizumab. PATIENTS AND METHODS WJOG4407G was a randomized, open-label, phase III trial conducted in Japan. Patients with previously untreated mCRC were randomized 1:1 to receive either(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) may affect the genomes of various pathogens, and this mutagenesis is of particular interest for viral pathogenesis and evolution. Here, we investigated the effect of NO on viral replication and mutation. Exogenous or endogenous NO had no apparent antiviral effect on influenza A virus and Sendai virus. The mutagenic potential of NO was(More)