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The dnaJ and dnaK genes are essential for replication of Escherichia coli DNA, and they constitute an operon, dnaJ being downstream from dnaK. The amount of the dnaJ protein in E. coli is substantially less than that of the dnaK protein, which is produced abundantly. In order to construct a system that over-produces the dnaJ protein, we started our study by(More)
For many diseases, mediation of pathogenesis by nitric oxide (NO) has been suggested. In this study, we explored NO-induced viral pathogenesis with a focus on nucleic acid damage as evidenced by 8-nitroguanosine formation in vivo. Wild-type mice and littermate mice deficient in inducible NO synthase (iNOS) were infected with influenza or Sendai virus.(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) may affect the genomes of various pathogens, and this mutagenesis is of particular interest for viral pathogenesis and evolution. Here, we investigated the effect of NO on viral replication and mutation. Exogenous or endogenous NO had no apparent antiviral effect on influenza A virus and Sendai virus. The mutagenic potential of NO was(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are critical mediators of tissue remodeling. Inappropriate regulation of MMPs causes many pathological events, including microbial invasion and inflammatory tissue damage. Some of the bacterial exoproteinases can effectively activate pro-MMPs (inactive zymogens) via limited proteolysis around their autoinhibitory domains. In(More)
Host defense functions of nitric oxide (NO) are known for many bacterial infections. In this study, we investigated the antimicrobial effect of NO in murine salmonellosis by using inducible NO synthase (iNOS)-deficient mice infected with an avirulent or virulent Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain. All iNOS-deficient mice died of severe(More)
Streptococcus pyogenes thiol proteinase, also known as streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B (SpeB), has been suggested to be a major virulence factor in S. pyogenes infection. SpeB was reported to induce apoptosis of host cells, but its mechanism of action is not yet fully understood. In this study, we examined the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases(More)
Studies were made of the synthesis of the coupling factor complex (F1--F0) of oxidative phosphorylation after prophage induction of a set of Escherichia coli strains lysogenic for defective transducing phage lambda asn, lambda uncA, or lambda bglC. The transducing phages had been isolated from a strain of E. coli carrying prophage lambda cI857 S7 within the(More)
The temperature-sensitive divE mutant of Escherichia coli cannot synthesize certain membrane and cytoplasmic proteins at a non-permissive temperature. Growth of the mutant cells is arrested at a specific stage of the cell cycle when exposed to the non-permissive conditions, suggesting that the divE mutant possesses a defect in cell division control. From(More)
Temperature-sensitive dnaJ mutants of Escherichia coli showed a thermosensitive defect in the synthesis of beta-galactosidase. Synthesis of the lac mRNA was greatly reduced at the restrictive temperature. The mutants were also conditionally defective in the synthesis of a subset of membrane proteins such as succinate dehydrogenase, whereas the synthesis of(More)