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OBJECTIVES Many travelers who are not specially trained for activities at high altitude are at risk of physical problems, including cardiovascular disorders, when exposed to high-altitude environments. In the present study, we investigated how actual acute exposure to altitudes of 2700 and 3700 m affected the autonomic nervous control of heart rate in(More)
The pathophysiology of altitude-related disorders in untrained trekkers has not been clarified. In the present study, the effects of workload on cardiovascular parameters and regional cerebral oxygenation were studied in untrained trekkers at altitudes of 2700 m and 3700 m above sea level. We studied 6 males and 4 females at each altitude, and their average(More)
The hemodynamic response to seizure has long been a topic for discussion in association with the neuronal damage resulting from convulsion. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an appropriate clinical model for the investigation of the cerebral physiology of seizure. In this study, we monitored the oxygenation state of brain tissue using near infrared (NIR)(More)
PURPOSE Several ss-adrenergic-blocking drugs have been used during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to stabilize the hemodynamic alterations following electrical stimulation. The effects of two ultra-short acting ss-adrenergic-blocking drugs, esmolol and landiolol, on systemic and cerebral circulation were studied during ECT. METHODS In the first study (n(More)
Autonomic nervous systems have important roles for survival of victims under hypobaric hypoxic condition. In the present study, we assessed the correlation between arterial oxygen saturation (Sp O 2 ) and heart rate variability (HRV) to identify the autonomic nervous responsiveness among trekkers at high altitude (n = 21). HRV was analyzed by the maximum(More)
UNLABELLED Propofol anesthesia increases the seizure threshold of patients receiving electroconvulsive therapy. Excessive neuronal suppression could result in an unacceptably short seizure. We sought to identify the correlation between the pre-ictal bispectral index (BIS) score and seizure duration in patients receiving electroconvulsive therapy under(More)
The number of alpine accidents has markedly increased among elderly trekkers in an aging society, Japan. We evaluated the physical condition of 176 trekkers by interview and physical examination on a popular middle altitude mountain. Heart rate, noninvasive blood pressure and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) were measured using a portable life monitor. It(More)
BACKGROUND One of the key mechanisms leading to beta-adrenergic receptor-specific desensitization is the phosphorylation of agonist-occupied receptors by the specific beta-adrenergic receptor kinase (GRK2). The present study examines whether GRK2 is altered during septic shock in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Male Wistar rats (7 weeks) weighing between 250(More)
OBJECTIVES Using modern transportation technology, many travelers easily access moderate altitudes of approximately 3000 m above sea level. In the present study the effects of this altitude on cardiovascular parameters were studied among office workers dwelling at sea level. METHODS Heart rate, blood pressure, arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2), and(More)
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) under propofol anaesthesia induces relatively shorter seizures compared to barbiturate anaesthesia. Since significant correlation between seizure duration and bispectral index (BIS) value immediately before electrical stimulus has been reported among patients, adjustment of anaesthesia depth as determined by BIS may be(More)