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PURPOSE To report the anatomic and radiologic development of the transverse, sigmoid, and occipital sinuses, the emissary veins, and the jugular bulb formation from the jugular sinus in humans before and after birth. METHODS Roentgenograms of 33 injected brains showing the cranial venous system in human fetuses from 3 to 7 months of gestational age and(More)
We report the cases of two patients, each of whom had two separate angiographically demonstrable intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). One patient had an intraventricular hemorrhage with AVMs in the basal ganglia and the insula on the left side, and the other had a pontine hemorrhage with AVMs in the pons and the occipital lobe on the right(More)
We report seven patients with scalp arteriovenous malformations, including two patients with lesions > 10 cm in diameter, who were successfully treated. The principal complaint of each patient was a deforming mass. Each of four patients had a history of blunt traumatic injury. The lesions, each consisting of the nidus, feeders, and draining veins, evolved(More)
In order to show the vascular anatomy in periventricular region, two adult cases of moyamoya disease with intracerebral hemorrhage extending into lateral ventricle were presented. And we discussed the relation between the vascular anatomy and the form of hemorrhage in moyamoya disease. The first case was a 46-year-old woman admitted for nausea and vomiting(More)
Brain anomalies in 9 cases of cytogenetically proven 18 trisomy were reported. In addition to the various cerebral anomalies such as gyral or lobar abnormalities, hippocampal dysplasia, abnormal lateral geniculate body, agenesis or hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, absent or hypoplastic olfactory nerves, small optic tracts, and dysplasia of the inferior(More)
A seven-year-old boy who was admitted for surgical treatment for intractable epilepsy was found to have a ganglioglioma in his left parietal lobe. Since four years old, he had been suffering from the seizure and treated with various anticonvulsants without satisfactory effects. As its frequency increased, the dose had to be increased. Thus, it was sought(More)
The authors report the case of a 43-year-old woman with a venous malformation of the mesencephalon occluding the sylvian aqueduct. Neuroradiological investigations suggested aqueductal stenosis, while the presence of a venous malformation was diagnosed by both magnetic resonance imaging and an angiogram, and was visualized using a neuroendoscope. This is(More)
A 56-year-old male presented with a posterior fossa cavernous angioma manifesting as persistent headache with mild neck stiffness. Lumbar puncture revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Repeated four-vessel angiography failed to identify the source of the SAH. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging demonstrated multiple small lesions in the posterior fossa and(More)
Four rare cases of aneurysm of the lenticulostriate artery (LSA) are presented. LSA aneurysms were located at the origin in three patients and distally in one. Two cases were of multiple aneurysms, one was associated with hypertensive intracerebral hematoma (putaminal hemorrhage), and the other with moyamoya disease. Two patients were successfully treated(More)
Examination by questionnaire throughout the country revealed 97 cases of radiation brain necrosis (RN). Of the above 97 cases, histologically confirmed 39, having received one course of radiation therapy received an average dose of 62 +/- 10.6 Gy. Minimal total dose provocative of RN is estimated statistically to be 40.6 Gy. Safety fractionation for total(More)