Fumio Kawamura

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The cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene in mitochondrial DNA of 53 larvae of Contarinia maculipennis Felt from flower buds of various host plants, collected from Hawaii, Japan and Thailand was analysed. Monophyly of the clade including C. maculipennis from Hawaii, Thailand and Japan was supported. There was no sequential variation within the specimens from(More)
The antioxidant activities, total phenols and antifungal activities of 35 extracts samples from 15 species of Malaysian timber were investigated. The methanol extracts from Mangifera indica heartwood were found to have superior antioxidant activity with an EC50 value of 4.71±0.89 μg/ml. Antioxidant activities correlated with total phenols contents. The(More)
Heartwoods of 22 African tropical wood species were extracted with methanol and the contents of total phenolic compounds in these extracts were measured. Three bioassays were conducted to evaluate the antioxidant activity, tyrosinase inhibitory activity, and antifungal activity of the methanol extracts. The results indicated that the extracts from 13(More)
The polymerization of amino acids leading to the formation of peptides and proteins is a significant problem for the origin of life. This problem stems from the instability of amino acids and the difficulty of their oligomerization in aqueous environments, such as seafloor hydrothermal systems. We investigated the stability of amino acids and their(More)
In this study the novel caryophyllene type sesquiterpene lactone (aspfalcolide) has been isolated from the leaves of Asparagus falcatus (Linn.) and characterized by IR, 1D NMR, 2D NMR, EI-MS, HR-ESI-MS and X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis. The aspfalcolide crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with a = 6.37360(10), b =(More)
The phenolic constituents of the roots ofTaxus cuspidata (Japanese yew) were investigated. Four lignans, [(+)-taxiresinol (1), (+)-lariciresinol (2), (−)-secoisolariciresinol (3), and (+)-pinoresinol (4)] were isolated and identified. The assignment of proton and carbon atoms for the lignans were finally solved by one- and twodimensional-nuclear magnetic(More)
The reaction during the early stage of photodiscoloration of constituents in western hemlock [Tsuga heterophylla (Raf. Sarg., Pinaceae] sapwood was investigated with chemical methods. The main photodiscoloring constituents, hydroxymatairesinol, allohydroxymatairesinol, α-conidendrin, and oxomatairesinol, were used as substrates for light-irradiation(More)
Versuche zur S yn t he se s tab i le r Der iva te b is lang u n b e k a n n te r A n t h r a c h i n o n e ff ihr ten zur Dar s t e l lung des 3 .7 -Dihydroxy/~ Dioxan anthrach inon(2 .6) [I] ~ ~m~ 356m~, R e d o x p o t e n t i a l + 0 , 8 7 V < E 0 < + 1,0 V) du rch Dehydr i e r en yon 2 .3 .6 .7 -Te t rahydroxya n t h r a c e n [II1 m i t Bleidioxid oder(More)
Research into inexpensive ammonia synthesis has increased recently because ammonia can be used as a hydrogen carrier or as a next generation fuel which does not emit CO2. Furthermore, improving the efficiency of ammonia synthesis is necessary, because current synthesis methods emit significant amounts of CO2. To achieve these goals, catalysts that can(More)