Fumio Imamura

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PURPOSE This phase III study (V-15-32) compared gefitinib (250 mg/d) with docetaxel (60 mg/m(2)) in patients (N = 489) with advanced/metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had failed one or two chemotherapy regimens. METHODS The primary objective was to compare overall survival to demonstrate noninferiority for gefitinib relative to docetaxel.(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, rapid advances have been made in metabolomics-based, easy-to-use early cancer detection methods using blood samples. Among metabolites, profiling of plasma free amino acids (PFAAs) is a promising approach because PFAAs link all organ systems and have important roles in metabolism. Furthermore, PFAA profiles are known to be influenced by(More)
BACKGROUND Genotyping of EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) mutations is indispensable for making therapeutic decisions regarding whether to use EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for lung cancer. Because some cases might pose challenges for biopsy, noninvasive genotyping of EGFR in circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) would be beneficial for lung cancer(More)
Serum is known to be required for invasion or phagokinesis of certain tumor cells, although the mechanism of its action is not well understood yet. In the in vitro invasion assay system we have developed, MM1 cells exhibiting extensive invasiveness against cultured mesothelial cell monolayers in the presence of 10% fetal calf serum did not invade them(More)
PURPOSE Examination of somatic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations is now a diagnostic routine for treatment of cancer using EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI). Circulating tumor DNA is a promising target for noninvasive diagnostics. We evaluated its utility by quantitatively detecting activating and resistant mutations, which were(More)
The effect of plant glycosides on tumor cell invasion was examined. Among the glycosides tested, ginsenoside Rg3 was found to be a potent inhibitor of invasion by rat ascites hepatoma cells (MM1), B16FE7 melanoma cells, human small cell lung carcinoma (OC10), and human pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PSN-1) cells, when examined in a cell monolayer invasion(More)
PURPOSE This phase III trial of concurrent thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) was conducted to compare third-generation chemotherapy with second-generation chemotherapy in patients with unresectable stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Eligible patients received the following treatments: A (control), four cycles of mitomycin (8(More)
The amino-acid balance in cancer patients often differs from that in healthy individuals, because of metabolic changes. This study investigated the use of plasma amino-acid profiles as a novel marker for screening non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The amino-acid concentrations in venous blood samples from pre-treatment NSCLC patients (n = 141),(More)
Two cases of primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the lung are reported. The first case is a 41-year-old man with a tumor in the left upper lung, and the second case is a 30-year-old woman with a tumor in the right lower lung. In both cases, the tumors originated in the lung but not in the chest wall. No distant metastasis was detected. In case 1,(More)
The detection of rare mutants using next generation sequencing has considerable potential for diagnostic applications. Detecting circulating tumor DNA is the foremost application of this approach. The major obstacle to its use is the high read error rate of next-generation sequencers. Rather than increasing the accuracy of final sequences, we detected rare(More)