Learn More
Cohesin complexes mediate sister-chromatid cohesion in dividing cells but may also contribute to gene regulation in postmitotic cells. How cohesin regulates gene expression is not known. Here we describe cohesin-binding sites in the human genome and show that most of these are associated with the CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF), a zinc-finger protein required(More)
Salmonella develops into resident bacteria in epithelial cells, and the autophagic machinery (Atg) is thought to play an important role in this process. In this paper, we show that an autophagosome-like double-membrane structure surrounds the Salmonella still residing within the Salmonella-containing vacuole (SCV). This double membrane is defective in(More)
An in vitro assay system was developed for accurate transcription of the octopine type T-DNA gene in a wheat germ extract. The system consists of the protein fraction extracted from the chromatin of wheat germ, substrates and exogenously added DNA. Specific initiation at the promoter was determined by a combination of primer extension analysis and size(More)
Six types of recombination signal DNA sequences of the Multisite Gateway cloning system were investigated as to their specificity and efficiency in the LR and BP recombination reactions. In the LR reaction to generate an Expression clone by recombination between attL and attR signals which are contained in the Entry clone and the Destination vector,(More)
Nuclear pores are sophisticated gateways on the nuclear envelope that control macromolecular transport between the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm. So far the structural and functional aspects of nuclear pores have been extensively studied, but their distribution and density, which might reflect nuclear organization and function, remain unknown. Here, we report(More)
The mutation frequencies attributable to −1 frameshift or one-base substitution in the structural genes coding for resistance to chloramphenicol (Cm) and tetracycline (Tc) were followed over several cycles of DNA replication, and found to differ several-fold, depending on the orientation of the gene on the plasmid with respect to the direction of(More)
Nuclear volume and the number of nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) on the nucleus almost double during interphase in dividing cells. How these events are coordinated with the cell cycle is poorly understood, particularly in mammalian cells. We report here, based on newly developed techniques for visualizing NPC formation, that cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks),(More)
The interactions of three forms of HU dimer from Escherichia coli with DNA were compared. The complexes formed between HU and short DNA fragments (35 to 132 bp), uncurved oligodeoxyribonucleotide (oligo) with and without 5-bp deoxyriboadenosine (dA) stretches and curved oligo with 5-bp dA stretches, were analyzed by the gel retardation technique. The(More)