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F. Lambein and T. Kusama. 2010. Hind-limb paraparesis in a rat model for neurolathyrism associated with apoptosis and an impaired vascular endothelial growth factor system in the spinal Development of seed preparation method by treatment with industrial enzymes for seed propagation type of F 1 hybrid strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.). Flowering ability(More)
The seeds and one to three years old plants of Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) were analyzed for their free amino acid contents. The neuro-excitatory beta-ODAP (beta-N-oxalyl-L-alpha,beta-diaminopropionic acid), suggested to be the cause of the crippling neurolathyrism, was the major component in the seed extract (70% of the total free amino acids(More)
A novel isoxazole derivative, O-(5-isoxazolyl)-L-serine (OIS, 1), was synthesized by a Mitsunobu reaction of isoxazolin-5-one (4) with N-Boc-L-serine tert-butyl ester (5) and subsequent deprotection of the coupling product. Its structure was elucidated by spectroscopic analyses. The pharmacological activity of 1 was also examined with cloned glutamate(More)
Neurolathyrism is a motor neuron disease characterized by lower limb paraparesis. It is associated with ingestion of a plant excitotoxin, beta-N-oxalyl-L-alphabeta-diaminopropionic acid (L-beta-ODAP), an agonist of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA)/kainate-type glutamatergic receptors. Previously, a limited model of(More)
Shosaikoto (Xiaochaihu Tang) is one of the frequently used traditional herbal medicines (Kampo medicines, Japan). To realize the effective use of precious crude drugs, we investigated the major constituents in the residual crude drugs after decoction and aimed for extraction efficiency of shosaikoto with regard to the extract, tannin content, and major(More)
A new pentacyclic cucurbitane glucoside, named aoibaclyin (1) and a new triterpene (2) have been isolated from the EtOH extract of the fruits of Gymnopetalum integrifolium Kurz (Cucurbitaceae), together with three known compounds, bryoamaride (3), 25-O-acetylbryoamaride (4) and beta-sitosterol 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5). The structures of these(More)
3-N-Oxalyl-l-2,3-diaminopropanoic acid (β-ODAP) induces neurolathyrism, a motor neuron disease. To elucidate the pathogenic mechanism of this process, the action of β-ODAP on the excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor-mediated currents was examined using cloned EAA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. On the voltage-clamp recordings of an AMPA receptor (α(More)