Fumio Ikegami

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Caspase-11 is a key regulator of proinflammatory cytokine IL-1beta maturation and pathological apoptosis. Caspase-11 is not expressed in most tissues under normal condition, but highly inducible upon pathological stimulation such as in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here, we describe the identification and characterization of wedelolactone, a(More)
Shosaikoto (Xiaochaihu Tang) is one of the frequently used traditional herbal medicines (Kampo medicines, Japan). To realize the effective use of precious crude drugs, we investigated the major constituents in the residual crude drugs after decoction and aimed for extraction efficiency of shosaikoto with regard to the extract, tannin content, and major(More)
The seeds and one to three years old plants of Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) were analyzed for their free amino acid contents. The neuro-excitatory beta-ODAP (beta-N-oxalyl-L-alpha,beta-diaminopropionic acid), suggested to be the cause of the crippling neurolathyrism, was the major component in the seed extract (70% of the total free amino acids(More)
Neurolathyrism is a motor neuron disease caused by the overconsumption of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) containing L-β-ODAP. The precise mechanism to cause motor neuron degeneration has yet to be elucidated, but should agree with the epidemiological backgrounds. Considering the amino acid content of the legume, and the epidemiological link with prolonged(More)
Among 210 medicinal prescriptions used in present-day Japan, the clinical uses and the acute, chronic and mutagenic toxicity study of 16 Kampo (Japanese herbal) medicines are summarized. These Kampo medicines are classified into two categories; eight prescriptions containing Bupleurum root (Bupleurum falcatum L.) such as Sho-saiko-to and Saiko-keishi-to,(More)
Six lignans including a new lignan (1), beta-sitosterol glucopyranoside and phenylpropanoids were isolated from the whole plants of Balanophora abbreviata Bl. (Balanophoraceae). Their structures were determined by NMR, MS analysis and other spectroscopic methods. Lignans (1, 2 and 4) showed potent inhibitory activities on the lipopolysaccharide(More)
A new ent-clerodane diterpene, named bacchariol (1) was isolated from the aerial parts of Baccharis gaudichaudiana DC. (Compositae), together with known ent-clerodane diterpenes (2, 3), eight known flavonoids (4-11) and 3, 5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (12). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses. Flavonoids (7, 8, 11) and 12 showed moderate(More)
Kampo (Japanese traditional herbal) medicines have been produced by combining multiple crude drugs, almost all of plant origin but with some of animal or mineral origin, and contain a great many substances. Their effect is a combination of the various interactions of the constituent substances, whether they are enhancing, synergistic or suppressive. Kampo(More)
3-N-Oxalyl-l-2,3-diaminopropanoic acid (β-ODAP) induces neurolathyrism, a motor neuron disease. To elucidate the pathogenic mechanism of this process, the action of β-ODAP on the excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor-mediated currents was examined using cloned EAA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. On the voltage-clamp recordings of an AMPA receptor (α(More)
The enzymatic breakdown of beta-(isoxazolin-5-on-2-yl)-L-alanine (BIA) with formation of 2,3-diaminopropionic acid (DAPA), the direct precursor of the neurotoxin beta-ODAP in Lathyrus sativus, was confirmed in vitro. Some properties of the enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of DAPA are described.