Hideaki Obata10
Koichi Nishikawa9
10Hideaki Obata
9Koichi Nishikawa
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Pain is an unpleasant sensation, and at the same time, it is always subjective and affective. Ten healthy subjects viewed 3 counterbalanced blocks of images from the International Affective Picture System: images showing painful events and those evoking emotions of fear and rest. They were instructed to imagine pain in their own body while viewing each(More)
BACKGROUND Compared with somatotopical organization (somatotopy) in the postcentral gyrus in the tactile system, somatotopy in the pain system is not well understood. The aim of this study is to elucidate whether there is somatotopy in the human pain system. METHODS To elucidate the somatotopy of nociceptive neurons in the postcentral gyrus, the authors(More)
Antidepressants are often used to treat neuropathic pain. In the present study, we determined the antiallodynic effects of selective monoamine reuptake inhibitors in the spinal cord in a rat model of neuropathic pain. Mechanical allodynia was produced by tight ligation of the left L5 and L6 spinal nerves and determined by applying von Frey filaments to the(More)
UNLABELLED Local anesthetics can be neurotoxic. To test the hypothesis that exposure to local anesthetics produces morphological changes in growing neurons and to compare this neurotoxic potential between different local anesthetics, we performed in vitro cell biological experiments with isolated dorsal root ganglion neurons from chick embryos. The effects(More)
PURPOSE Propofol neurotoxicity has been demonstrated in several cell culture systems. This study was undertaken to determine whether propofol has neurotoxic effects on peripheral, retinal, and autonomic neurons, and which neurons are particularly liable to injury by propofol. METHOD Dorsal root ganglia, retinal ganglion cell layers, and sympathetic(More)
UNLABELLED Type 2 serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT](2)) receptors in the spinal cord have been reported to mediate antinociception using pain threshold tests, but little is known about the actions of spinal 5-HT(2) receptors in sustained pain. In rats, we examined antinociceptive effects of the intrathecal administration of a 5-HT(2A/2C) receptor(More)
To better understand the antinociceptive effect of fluvoxamine, we measured regional cerebral blood flow during laser-evoked pain and hot sensations using H(2)15O positron emission tomography and also subjective pain and hot sensations before and after fluvoxamine or placebo administration for 7 days to 12 healthy volunteers. The subjectively rated pain(More)
The present study examined the contribution of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) to acute peripheral inflammatory pain in rats. We used formalin test in this study. After formalin injection into the rat hind paw, biphasic pain-related behavior (phases 1 and 2) was observed. A microdialysis study revealed that 5-HT was released into the formalin injection site in a(More)
Propofol, an intravenous general anaesthetic, exerts anaesthetic actions through interaction with gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors in the supraspinal nervous system. However, whether propofol has any significant effects on synaptic transmission at the spinal level and whether it exhibits antinociceptive action is still not fully clarified.(More)
BACKGROUND The cellular mechanisms of anesthetic-induced amnesia are still poorly understood. The current study examined sevoflurane at various concentrations in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices for effects on excitatory synaptic transmission and on long-term potentiation (LTP), as a possible mechanism contributing to anesthetic-induced loss of(More)