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Interethnic differences in debrisoquin and mephenytoin hydroxylation have been compared between normal white (n = 183) and Japanese (n = 100) subjects with the 8-hour urinary metabolic ratio of debrisoquin and the urinary S/R enantiomeric ratio of mephenytoin to identify extensive (EM) and poor (PM) metabolizers. In white subjects the frequency of PMs was(More)
We report a unilateral hypoglossal nerve paralysis following the use of a laryngeal mask airway in a 62-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing a shoulder joint replacement. Cervical epidural anaesthesia was combined with general anaesthesia using nitrous oxide administered via a laryngeal mask airway with the patient in the right lateral(More)
Central nervous system complications continue to be major causes of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for postoperative cognitive dysfunction after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Eighty-eight patients scheduled for elective CABG were studied. After the induction of(More)
Propofol is commonly used for anesthesia and sedation in intensive care units. Approximately 53% of injected propofol is excreted in the urine as the glucuronide and 38% as hydroxylated metabolites. Liver, kidneys and intestine are suspected as clearance tissues. We investigated the contribution of the liver and kidneys to propofol metabolism in humans(More)
OBJECTIVES The mechanisms of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients with diabetes after coronary artery bypass grafting are not fully understood. We sought to determine which type 2 diabetes-related factors contributed to postoperative cognitive dysfunction at 7 days and 6 months after coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS One hundred eighty(More)
The antinociceptive effect of sarpogrelate, a new selective 5-hydroxytriptamine (5-HT)(2A) receptor antagonist, in the formalin test was examined in rats. Sarpogrelate was administered intraperitoneally, locally (subcutaneously at the formalin test site) or intrathecally 10 min before formalin injection. Intraperitoneal (1-100 mg/kg) and local (0.01-1 mg)(More)
Genetic alterations in specific genes are critical events in carcinogenesis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. However, the genetic alterations responsible for HCC development, progression, and survival are unclear. We investigated the essential difference in genetic alterations between HCC and adjacent non-HCC tissues using next-generation(More)
AIM Wisteria floribunda agglutinin positive (WFA+) Mac-2-binding protein (M2BPGi) is a noninvasive glyco-marker for liver fibrosis. This study evaluated the utility of serial measurement of serum M2BPGi and total M2BP as a predictor of fibrosis and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS This study included 119 patients with chronic(More)
Antidepressants are often used to treat neuropathic pain. In the present study, we determined the antiallodynic effects of selective monoamine reuptake inhibitors in the spinal cord in a rat model of neuropathic pain. Mechanical allodynia was produced by tight ligation of the left L5 and L6 spinal nerves and determined by applying von Frey filaments to the(More)
Pain is an unpleasant sensation, and at the same time, it is always subjective and affective. Ten healthy subjects viewed 3 counterbalanced blocks of images from the International Affective Picture System: images showing painful events and those evoking emotions of fear and rest. They were instructed to imagine pain in their own body while viewing each(More)