Fuminori Abe

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BACKGROUND Recently, 5-aminolevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) is being widely used in cancer therapy owing to the tumor-specific accumulation of photosensitizing protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) after the administration of ALA. In the present study, by focusing on genes involved in the porphyrin biosynthesis pathway, we aimed to explore biomarkers(More)
Female mice transgenic for the rat proto-oncogene c-erb-B2, under control of the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter (neuN), spontaneously develop metastatic mammary carcinomas. The development of these mammary tumors is associated with increased number of GR-1+CD11b+ myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in the peripheral blood (PB), spleen and(More)
Mouse mammary tumor virus-Neu (MMTV/neu) transgenic mice on an FVB-background (FVB-neuN) have increased numbers of myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and regulatory T-cells (T-regs) in the spleen during mammary tumor induction and progression. Using this transgenic tumor model, we assessed the therapeutic activity of sunitinib, a multi-targeted,(More)
5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) is the naturally occurring metabolic precursor of heme. Heme negatively regulates the Maf recognition element (MARE) binding- and repressing-activity of the Bach1 transcription factor through its direct binding to Bach1. Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is an inducible enzyme that catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the oxidative(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous population of immature myeloid cells at various stages of differentiation/maturation that have a role in cancer induction and progression. They function as vasculogenic and immunosuppressive cells, utilizing multiple mechanisms to block both innate and adaptive anti-tumor immunity. Recently, their(More)
The therapeutic efficacy of immunosuppressants for treating rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) with crescent formation remains controversial. SCG/Kj mice spontaneously develop RPGN-like symptoms, characteristic of crescentic glomerulonephritis and systemic small vessel vasculitis, associated with the presence of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic(More)
BACKGROUND 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), a precursor of heme biosynthesis, plays a fundamentally important role in aerobic energy metabolism. Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 cleaves heme to form biliverdin, carbon monoxide (CO) and iron (Fe(2+)). The anti-inflammatory properties of biliverdin and CO help to alleviate ischemia/reperfusion injury as well as acute(More)
The effects of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) on obesity were investigated using a murine model (diet-induced obese mice). Diet-induced obese mice were divided into 4 groups: a control group (C group), which was fed a high-fat diet; a low-5-ALA dose (10 mg/kg/day) group (10A group); a moderate-5-ALA dose (30 mg/kg/day) group (30A group); and a high-5-ALA(More)
The in vitro effect of bestatin on Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) was investigated using mature clonogenic cells and primitive stem cells derived from long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-ICs). Individual colonies were grown in methycellulose culture (clonogenic cells) and after 5 weeks, LTC (colonies derived from(More)