Fumiko Watanabe

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Background: Decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and increased lipid oxidation are associated with progressive endothelial dysfunction. L-Citrulline, the effective precursor of L-arginine which is essential as a substrate for endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), is effective in enhancing NO-dependent signaling. However, little is known about the efficacy(More)
BACKGROUND Menaquinone-4 is a type of vitamin K that has a physiological function in maintaining bone quality via γ-carboxylation of osteocalcin. However, little is known about the beneficial effect of intake of dosages below1500 μg/day. FINDINGS Fifteen healthy males aged 25.0 years (median) participated in a non-placebo-controlled dose-examination(More)
PURPOSE Glutathione is a tripeptide consisting of cysteine, glycine, and glutamate and functions as a major antioxidant. It is synthesized endogenously in humans. Glutathione protects thiol protein groups from oxidation and is involved in cellular detoxification for maintenance of the cell environment. Reduced glutathione (GSH) has a skin-whitening effect(More)
A sensitive and simple enzyme immunoassay for direct quantitation of serum dexamethasone was established. An antiserum with high specificity was produced by the immunization of rabbits with a newly synthesized 4-(carboxymethylthio)dexamethasone-bovine serum albumin conjugate. Alkaline phosphatase was used as a labeling enzyme. The minimum amount of(More)
It is well known that pulmonary edema is, in general, spatially nonuniform. Since the NMR spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) is increased by lung edema, the spatial distribution of T1 will be nonuniform. When the repetition time (TR) is short relative to the T1 of edematous lung, lung water content will be underestimated and this underestimation will be(More)
An enzyme immunoassay of 19-nor-deoxycorticosterone in rat serum was established. The normal value of 19-nor-DOC in rat serum obtained from 9:00 am to 10:00 am was 148 +/- 30 ng/dl (mean +/- SE,n = 10). Serum levels of this steroid decreased in rats with adrenal regeneration hypertension during the course of the experiment up to 8 weeks, while systolic(More)
Solid phase fluoroimmunoassay of serum 11-deoxycortisol (17,21-dihydroxy-4-pregnene-3,20-dione) was established using fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled 11-deoxycortisol and anti-11-deoxycortisol antibody-conjugated polyacrylamide beads. 21-Amino-17-hydroxyprogesterone (21-amino-17-hydroxy-4-pregnene-3,20-dione) was synthesized as a useful derivative for(More)
Direct fluorescence polarization immunoassay of serum cortisol was established. Non-specific binding of fluorescent-labelled cortisol to serum proteins was successively eliminated by sodium dodecyl sulfate. The minimal amount of cortisol detected was 0.1 ng/tube and serum concentration of 1.0 microgram/dl to 100 microgram/dl of cortisol could be measured.(More)
Fluorescence quenching immunoassay of serum cortisol was established. The minimal amount of cortisol detected was 3.1 ng/tube and serum concentration of 3.1 micrograms/dl to 100 micrograms/dl of cortisol could be measured. Intra- and inter-assay coefficient of variation were 7.7-10.5% and 10.7-13.3%, respectively. Cortisol values determined by the present(More)
Cortisol 21-amine (21-amino-11beta,17-dihydroxy-4-pregnene-3,20-dione) was prepared and an enzyme immunoassay for cortisol in serum was established using cortisol 21-amine conjugated with alkaline phosphatase. The minimal amount of cortisol detected was 1ng/tube and the measurable range was from 1 to 80 microgram/d1, using 10 mu 1 of serum sample. This(More)
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