Fumiko Tazoe

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Recent genome-wide association studies (GWASs) showed that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FADS1/FADS2 were associated with plasma lipid concentrations in populations with European ancestry. We investigated the associations between the SNPs in FADS1/FADS2 and plasma concentrations of triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and(More)
Cholesterol ester (CE)-laden macrophage foam cells are the hallmark of atherosclerosis, and the hydrolysis of intracellular CE is one of the key steps in foam cell formation. Although hormone-sensitive lipase (LIPE) and cholesterol ester hydrolase (CEH), which is identical to carboxylsterase 1 (CES1, hCE1), were proposed to mediate the neutral CE hydrolase(More)
AIM Adipocyte lipolysis is mediated by a family of triglyceride (TG) lipases consisting of hormone-sensitive lipase (LIPE), adipose triglyceride lipase (PNPLA2) and carboxylesterase 1 (CES1); however, little is known about the relationship between the expression of each gene in different depots and TG lipase activity or obesity. METHOD We measured both(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) has been identified as a novel metabolic regulator. This cross-sectional study was performed to clarify how serum FGF21 levels were associated with clinical parameters in Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes (n=139). Anthropometric and blood biochemical parameters, uses of drugs for diabetes, hypertension and(More)
Squalene synthase (SS) catalyzes the biosynthesis of squalene, the first specific intermediate in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. To test the feasibility of lowering plasma cholesterol by inhibiting hepatic SS, we generated mice in which SS is specifically knocked out in the liver (L-SSKO) using Cre-loxP technology. Hepatic SS activity of L-SSKO mice(More)
Fibrates, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor a agonists, are widely used as lipid-lowering agents with anti-atherogenic activity. However, conflicting results have been reported with regard to their pharmacological effects on plasma lipoprotein profiles as well as on atherosclerosis in animal models. Furthermore, the anti-atherogenic effects of(More)
The role of macrophage lipoprotein lipase (LpL) in the development of atherosclerosis and adiposity was examined in macrophage LpL knockout (MLpLKO) mice. MLpLKO mice were generated using cre-loxP gene targeting. Loss of LpL in macrophages did not alter plasma LpL activity or lipoprotein levels. Incubation of apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-deficient β-VLDL with(More)
Squalene synthase (SS) is the first committed enzyme for cholesterol biosynthesis, located at a branch point in the mevalonate pathway. To examine the role of SS in the overall cholesterol metabolism, we transiently overexpressed mouse SS in the livers of mice using adenovirus-mediated gene transfer. Overexpression of SS increased de novo cholesterol(More)
OBJECTIVE 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in cholesterol biosynthesis and has proven to be an effective target of lipid-lowering drugs, statins. The aim of this study was to understand the role of hepatic HMGCR in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS To disrupt the HMGCR gene in liver, we generated mice(More)
Initial step toward the reverse-cholesterol transport is cholesterol efflux that is mediated by the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1). However, it is unknown how the cholesteryl ester (CE) hydrolysis induces the expression of the ABCA1 gene. Overexpression of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) increased the hydrolysis of CE and stimulated the(More)