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CONTEXT There are currently no factors that have been shown to predict gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during early pregnancy. The soluble (pro)renin receptor [s(P)RR] may contribute to the development of GDM. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine whether plasma s(P)RR concentrations during early pregnancy are associated with the(More)
It was recently reported that hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation had occurred in HBsAg-negative lymphoma patients who received rituximab plus steroid combination chemotherapy. HBV reactivation in myeloma patients have not been reported extensively. We describe here two cases of HBV reactivation in HBsAg-negative myeloma patients receiving systemic(More)
Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) is a major antitumor mechanism of action of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). The aim of this study was to identify tumor-associated factors which determine susceptibility to rituximab-induced ADCC. Thirty different CD20+ non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell lines were phenotyped for characteristics such as level(More)
There is a lack of suitable small animal models to evaluate human Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) in vivo, because of the species incompatibility between humans and animals or due to nonspecific allogeneic immune reactions. To overcome these problems, we established a human tumor-bearing mouse model, using NOD/Shi-scid, IL-2Rgamma(null) (NOG) mice(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is an intractable hematologic malignancy caused by human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), which infects approximately 20 million people worldwide. Here, we have explored the possible expression of cancer/testis (CT) antigens by ATLL cells, as CT antigens are widely recognized as ideal targets of cancer(More)
To study the possible involvement of human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-related agent in Japanese multiple sclerosis (MS), we performed a Western blotting analysis, using purified viral antigens, on sera from 46 patients with MS, nine patients with other neurologic diseases, and 11 healthy controls. Of 46 MS patients, 11 (24%) had antibodies(More)
There are no suitable small animal models to evaluate human antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) in vivo, due to species incompatibilities. Thus, the first aim of this study was to establish a human tumor-bearing mouse model in which human immune cells can engraft and mediate ADCC, but where the endogenous mouse immune cells cannot mediate ADCC.(More)
We report on two patients, successfully treated by the combination therapy of S-1 and 24-h infusion of cisplatin (CDDP), who were initially diagnosed with unresectable stage 4 advanced gastric cancer. Each patient had a very good clinical response and underwent curative gastrectomy after completion of 14 and 10 courses of S-1/CDDP chemotherapy,(More)
We established an angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) mouse model using NOD/Shi-scid, IL-2Rγ(null) mice as recipients. The immunohistological findings of the AITL mice were almost identical to those of patients with AITL. In addition, substantial amounts of human immunoglobulin G/A/M were detected in the sera of the AITL mice. This result indicates(More)
We previously reported that a dominant-positive activating mutation (Asn505) in the transmembrane domain (TMD) of c-MPL, which encodes the thrombopoietin receptor, caused familial essential thrombocythemia. Here, we show that the Asn505 mutation induces both autonomous dimerization of c-Mpl and signal activation in the absence of its ligand. Signal(More)