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Human chromosome 14q32.2 carries a cluster of imprinted genes including paternally expressed genes (PEGs) such as DLK1 and RTL1 and maternally expressed genes (MEGs) such as MEG3 (also known as GTL2), RTL1as (RTL1 antisense) and MEG8 (refs. 1,2), together with the intergenic differentially methylated region (IG-DMR) and the MEG3-DMR. Consistent with this,(More)
Human chromosome 14q32.2 harbors the germline-derived primary DLK1-MEG3 intergenic differentially methylated region (IG-DMR) and the postfertilization-derived secondary MEG3-DMR, together with multiple imprinted genes. Although previous studies in cases with microdeletions and epimutations affecting both DMRs and paternal/maternal uniparental disomy 14-like(More)
Although chromosome X open reading frame 6 (CXorf6) has been shown to be a causative gene for hypospadias, its molecular function remains unknown. To clarify this, we first examined CXorf6 protein structure, identifying homology to mastermind-like 2 (MAML2) protein, which functions as a co-activator in canonical Notch signaling. Transactivation analysis for(More)
2-(2,6-Diethylphenyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-1,3-dione (2: PIQ-22) was found to be a potent and specific inhibitor of puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase (PSA). Lineweaver-Burk plot analysis showed that PSA is inhibited by PIQ-22 in a non-competitive manner. Structure -activity relationship studies indicated that tautomerism of the imidobenzoylketone(More)
Two chitinases (Chi-A and Chi-B) purified from Streptomyces sp. J-13-3 had the same molecular weights (31,000) and enzymatic properties (optimum pH and temperature of pH 6.0 and 45 degrees C) but had significantly different isoelectric points (3.9 for Chi-A, 3.5 for Chi-B). Chi-A and -B had identical N-terminal amino acid sequences(More)
Although short-stature homeobox-containing gene (SHOX ) haploinsufficiency is responsible for Léri-Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWD), the molecular defect has not been identified in approximately 20% of Japanese LWD patients. Furthermore, although high prevalence of microdeletions affecting SHOX is primarily ascribed to the presence of repeat sequences such as(More)
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by primary hypocortisolism and normal mineralocorticoid production. Recently, NNT encoding the nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase has been identified as a causative gene for FGD. Thus, we examined NNT in six Japanese FGD patients with no recognizable mutation(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether collagen induced arthritis (CIA) in mice can be satisfactorily induced by a single immunisation and whether this model has some advantages compared with conventional CIA, which is induced by two immunisations. METHODS The incidence of arthritis was observed under different immunisation conditions (variation of species of(More)
A case of annular elastolytic giant cell granuloma was studied with the electron microscope using acid orcein stain. Elastic fibers were digested by multinucleate giant cells (MGCs) in 2 steps: the first step was the extracellular digestion and the second was the intracellular digestion. In the first step, the orcein-reactive amorphous materials of the(More)