Fumiko Hashimoto

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Recent evidence indicates that death of uninfected lymphocytes by apoptosis plays an important role in the immunopathogenesis of HIV infection. We have previously demonstrated that CD4 cross-linking (CD4XL) performed in PBMC results in induction of T cell apoptosis in an accessory cell-dependent manner. In this study, we have investigated the roles of Fas(More)
The mechanism controlling the disappearance of osteoclasts from bone surfaces after bone resorption in vivo is largely unknown. This is because there is no suitable experimental system to trace the final fate of osteoclasts. Here, we used an experimental model of tooth movement in rats to show that preexisting osteoclasts disappeared from the bone surface(More)
Recommendations vary on whether blood pressures should be measured in the right or in the left arm because no frequency distributions for a pressure difference between the arms exist. We took a total of 12 blood pressure determinations in both arms of 174 elderly persons and analyzed the data by a least-squares components of variance method. The mean(More)
The etiopathogenesis of focal and segmental glomerular sclerosis (FGS) remains unknown. Using a new animal model for FGS (FGS mouse), we demonstrate here that bone marrow transplantation from normal mice to FGS mice with a high grade of proteinuria (+ + +) ameliorates FGS, and that the transplantation of bone marrow cells or purified hemopoietic stem cells(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of local administration of osteocalcin, a major noncollagenous bone matrix protein, on experimental tooth movement in rats. An orthodontic elastic band was inserted between the upper first and second molars, and the first molar was moved mesially. Purified osteocalcin (0 to 10 micrograms) in 20(More)
We have previously demonstrated that CD4 cross-linking (CD4XL) results in apoptosis of CD4+ T cells and augmentation of Fas antigen (CD95, APO-1) expression in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Here we demonstrate that CD4XL mediated by both, anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope protein gp120 reduces the expression of the(More)
The application of expansional force induces replacement of the cartilaginous tissue with bone at the midpalatal suture of growing rats. We examined the early cellular events evoked by force by analyzing the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), an operational marker of cell proliferation, and of several bone matrix proteins. A(More)
Patient flow in an appointment-based, outpatient internal medicine clinic involving multiple, sequential providers-registrar, triage nurse, physician, and discharger-was studied using computer simulation. Provider task time distributions were obtained through a time-motion study and then input into the computer program, which simulated the clinic situation(More)
The effect of local administration of osteocalcin (OC) on experimental tooth movement was examined in the rat. The maxillary first molar was first moved mesially with an initial tipping force of 30 g with a closed-coil spring anchored to the incisor for 10 days (n = 48). Three experimental groups (n = 8) were injected with purified rat OC at doses of 0.1,(More)
HOM/C homeobox (Hox) and forkhead box (Fox) factors are reported to be expressed in the foregut endoderm and are subsequently detected in a spatio-temporal pattern during lung development. Some of these factors were reported to influence the expression of lung marker proteins or to modulate lung development. To clarify the molecular mechanisms for(More)