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YM348, (S)-2-(7-ethyl-1H-furo[2,3-g]indazol-1-yl)-1-methylethylamine, showed a high affinity for cloned human 5-HT(2C) receptors (K(i): 0.89 nM). The functional selectivity for 5-HT(2C) receptors in the 5-HT(2) receptor family was the highest among 5-HT(2C) receptor agonists, including m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP) and Ro60-0175(More)
The complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritic rat model has extensively served as a laboratory model in the study of arthritic pain. However, the time courses of allodynia and hyperalgesia and the efficacies of different analgesics have not fully been analyzed in this model. Mechanical allodynia, thermal and joint hyperalgesia, and other disease(More)
We have investigated the pharmacological profiles of the novel muscarinic agonists, 1-oxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane derivatives, YM796 (2,8-dimethyl-3-methylene) and YM954 (2-ethyl-8-methyl-3-oxo). These compounds, like the putative M1 agonists, RS86 and AF102B, inhibited [3H]pirenzepine binding to cerebral cortical membranes in the micromolar range and weakly(More)
Previous reports have shown that (+/-)-YM796 (2,8-dimethyl-3-methylene-1-oxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane) exhibits M1 agonistic activity and ameliorates cognitive impairment, and that the (-)-S isomer is active in in vitro studies. We report here the characterization of the (-)-S isomer, YM796 ((-)-(S)-2,8-dimethyl-3-methylene-1-oxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane(More)
The effect of selective D-1 and D-2 dopamine agonists on catalepsy induced by various dopamine antagonists was studied. A potent and selective D-2 antagonist, YM-09151 (YM-09151-2) at a dose of 1.2 mg/kg, SC and a selective D-1 antagonist, SCH 23390 at 1.0 mg/kg, SC induced catalepsy in rats. Mixed D-1/D-2 antagonists, haloperidol (HPD) and cis-flupentixol(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), dopamine, oxytocin and melanocortin pathways are known to be involved in the induction of penile erections in rats. Although a dopamine-oxytocin-5-HT link in the central nervous system has been suggested to be important to the control of penile erections, the 5-HT receptor subtype that mediates dopamine-oxytocin-5-HT action and(More)
RATIONALE Phencyclidine (PCP) and methamphetamine (MAP) are known as psychotomimetic agents. Both agents produce behavioral alterations in animals. OBJECTIVE The present study investigated the difference in behavioral alterations in rats induced by these two psychotomimetic agents using the hole board apparatus (HBA). In addition, mechanisms underlying(More)
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