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Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was used for the measurement of regional cerebral blood volume (CBV) and hematocrit (Hct) in normal healthy human volunteers (mean age 30 +/- 8 years). Regional cerebral red blood cell (RBC) volume and plasma volume were determined separately and their responses to carbon dioxide were investigated. Ten(More)
Increased homocysteine levels are associated with various pathological conditions in humans, including stroke and cardiovascular disorders. Homocysteine acts as an excitatory amino acid in vivo and may influence the threshold of migraine headache. Frosst et al. [1995] reported an association between the homozygous C677T mutation in the(More)
PURPOSE The aim of our study was to update the rate of severe complications following CT-guided needle biopsy in Japan via a mailed survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS Postal questionnaires regarding CT-guided needle biopsy were sent out to multiple hospitals in Japan. The questions regarded: the total number and duration of CT-guided lung biopsies performed at(More)
Cerebral vasodilator responses to hypercarbia were tested during inhalation of 5% CO2 in air by normal volunteers with and without risk factors for cerebral atherosclerosis. The results were compared with those of patients with hemispheric infarction or ischemia or vertebrobasilar arterial insufficiency (VBI). Regional cerebral blood flow was measured by(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured by 133Xe inhalation in 46 normal volunteers, aged 21 to 63 years, and 14 neurologically asymptomatic subjects above age 40 with risk factors for atherothrombotic stroke, including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia. In normal volunteers, there was diffuse and progresive reduction of gray(More)
mRNAs for cell wall-related enzymes in developing cotton fiber cells were measured by reverse transcription-PCR analysis. Both endo-1,4-beta-glucanase and expansin mRNA levels were high during cell elongation but decreased when cell elongation ceased, and xyloglucan decreased. The endo-1,3-beta-glucanase mRNA level was very low in the elongating cells but(More)
INTRODUCTION Interstitial lung disease associated with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS-ILD) shows several patterns such as nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) and usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). Although UIP is a well-recognized prognostic determinant in idiopathic interstitial pneumonias, whether this is also the case in pSS-ILD is unclear. The(More)
The ability of a microsomal enzyme, glucose dehydrogenase (hexose 6-phosphate dehydrogenease) to supply NADPH to the microsomal electron transport system, was investigated. Microsomes could perform oxidative demethylation of aminopyrine using microsomal glucose dehydrogenase in situ as an NADPH generator. This demethylation reaction had apparent Km values(More)
It has been demonstrated recently that nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition has an analgesic effect in patients with chronic tension-type headache. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of the NOS inhibitor, L-N(G) methyl arginine hydrochloride (L-NMMA), on two of the most prominent features of chronic tension-type headache, i.e.(More)