Fumika Taki

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This study was designed to investigate possible involvement of type IV collagenolytic matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs; 72-kDa type IV collagenase [MMP-2], 92-kDa type IV collagenase [MMP-9]), and the respective specific tissue inhibitors of these MMPs (TIMP-2 and TIMP-1) in the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We determined the(More)
It has been demonstrated that bronchial hyperresponsiveness is a characteristic feature of bronchial asthma, and airway inflammation plays an important role in bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Erythromycin is an antibiotic extensively used worldwide which is also reported to have anti-inflammatory action. This study was designed to clarify whether(More)
Leukotoxin (LX: 9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate) which was previously found to be biosynthesized by neutrophils, exhibited a dominant cytotoxic activity toward human tumor cells as well as toward normal cells. At the concentration of 50-100 micrograms LX/ml cell culture medium, LX completely blocked the growth of the cells of several transformed cell lines(More)
In lung lavages of rat after pure oxygen breathing, a toxic linoleate peroxide, 9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate, and its isomer, 12,13-epoxy-9-octadecenoate were detected by HPLC analyses. The epoxide(s) was demonstrated to be biosynthesized by incubating linoleate with leukocytes collected from lung lavages, thus nominated to be leukotoxin. The chemical(More)
We have observed that neutrophils biosynthesize linoleate epoxide, 9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate, and have named it leukotoxin because of its cytotoxic effect. In this experiment, the effect of leukotoxin on the lung was investigated. Acute effect of leukotoxin: Using Wistar rats, leukotoxin (100µmol/kg) was injected intravenously for the leukotoxin group,(More)
Pulmonary influxed neutrophils have been suggested to be involved in the development of hyperoxia-induced lung injury. We recently revealed that a highly toxic substance, 9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate, is biosynthesized by human neutrophils, thus it was named leukotoxin. Because hyperoxia-induced lung injury is a model of adult respiratory distress syndrome(More)
TNF is a cytokine recently implicated as an important inflammatory mediator. TNF concentrations in sputa from 13 patients with bronchial asthma on exacerbation and 12 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were measured. After sonication, the sputa were centrifuged. The supernatants were assayed for the presence of TNF by use of an(More)
To evaluate the occurrence and the degree of emphysema in chronic asthma in relation to the effect of cigarette smoking, we examined 35 subjects with irreversible airway obstruction (17 nonsmokers and 18 smokers). We performed pulmonary function testing and CT scans on all subjects. The ES was assessed by a visual scoring system on CT scans. Between(More)
1. To clarify the role of platelet-activating factor (PAF) in the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), we performed bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in 19 patients with ARDS and examined cell populations, albumin concentrations and PAF levels. PAF levels were measured by a newly developed radioimmunoassay. 2. In the BAL fluid of ARDS(More)
To evaluate the disruption of the basement membrane in the pathogenesis of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), we measured the level of 7S collagen in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of patients with ARDS and normal control subjects by using a radioimmunoassay method. Twelve of 14 patients with ARDS had evidence of 7S collagen in the BAL(More)