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An epoxy derivative of linoleate, 9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate, was demonstrated to be biosynthesized by neutrophils from various sources such as canine and human blood, and guinea-pig peritonea. It was nominated as leukotoxin from its 'toxic' activity onto mitochondrial respiration. From the reaction mixture of leukocytes with linoleate, an isomer of(More)
This investigation was designed to elucidate the role of phospholipase (PLase) in relation to reduced beta-adrenergic responsiveness in guinea pigs subjected to experimental asthma. In the in vivo experiment, guinea pigs that had developed asthma-like symptoms after exposure to an aerosol of 2% ovalbumin for 7 to 8 min for 10 successive days were used as(More)
This study was designed to investigate possible involvement of type IV collagenolytic matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs; 72-kDa type IV collagenase [MMP-2], 92-kDa type IV collagenase [MMP-9]), and the respective specific tissue inhibitors of these MMPs (TIMP-2 and TIMP-1) in the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We determined the(More)
Pulmonary influxed neutrophils have been suggested to be involved in the development of hyperoxia-induced lung injury. We recently revealed that a highly toxic substance, 9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate, is biosynthesized by human neutrophils, thus it was named leukotoxin. Because hyperoxia-induced lung injury is a model of adult respiratory distress syndrome(More)
In lung lavages of rat after pure oxygen breathing, a toxic linoleate peroxide, 9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate, and its isomer, 12,13-epoxy-9-octadecenoate were detected by HPLC analyses. The epoxide(s) was demonstrated to be biosynthesized by incubating linoleate with leukocytes collected from lung lavages, thus nominated to be leukotoxin. The chemical(More)
It has been demonstrated that bronchial hyperresponsiveness is a characteristic feature of bronchial asthma, and airway inflammation plays an important role in bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Erythromycin is an antibiotic extensively used worldwide which is also reported to have anti-inflammatory action. This study was designed to clarify whether(More)
Leukotoxin (LX: 9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate) which was previously found to be biosynthesized by neutrophils, exhibited a dominant cytotoxic activity toward human tumor cells as well as toward normal cells. At the concentration of 50-100 micrograms LX/ml cell culture medium, LX completely blocked the growth of the cells of several transformed cell lines(More)
The relaxant effect on smooth muscle of nitro compounds is suggested to be linked with the increase in the tissue level of cyclic GMP by activating guanylate cyclase. In this study, we investigated the effects of nipradilol, a new beta-blocker, which has NO2 residue in the molecular structure, and isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) on guinea pig tracheal smooth(More)
We demonstrated that linoleate epoxide (9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate) exists in human burned skin and in lung lavages in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome. This epoxide shows a highly toxic effect on cellular function. Thus, it was given the name leukotoxin. In this communication, we reveal that neutrophils from various sources such as(More)
To evaluate the occurrence and the degree of emphysema in chronic asthma in relation to the effect of cigarette smoking, we examined 35 subjects with irreversible airway obstruction (17 nonsmokers and 18 smokers). We performed pulmonary function testing and CT scans on all subjects. The ES was assessed by a visual scoring system on CT scans. Between(More)