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BACKGROUND Recently, rapid advances have been made in metabolomics-based, easy-to-use early cancer detection methods using blood samples. Among metabolites, profiling of plasma free amino acids (PFAAs) is a promising approach because PFAAs link all organ systems and have important roles in metabolism. Furthermore, PFAA profiles are known to be influenced by(More)
A total of 68 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who either had not previously been treated (38) or had undergone prior therapy (30) were treated in a phase II study of (glycolate-O,O') diammineplatinum(II) (NSC 375 101D; 254-S), a new platinum complex. The drug was given as a single intravenous infusion at a dose of 100 mg/m2 every 4 weeks. All 68(More)
INTRODUCTION Both amrubicin (Am) and S-1 are effective against non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and preclinical studies have demonstrated that the effect of tegafur/uracil, the original compound of S-1, in combination with Am significantly inhibits tumor growth. METHODS We conducted a phase I/II study of Am and S-1 against pretreated NSCLC without EGFR(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a multicentre feasibility study for single agent long-term S-1 chemotherapy following docetaxel plus cisplatin in patients with curatively resected stage II-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS Patients received three cycles of docetaxel (60 mg m(-2)) plus cisplatin (80 mg m(-2)) and then received S-1 (40 mg m(-2) twice daily)(More)
INTRODUCTION We conducted a phase II study of combination chemotherapy with irinotecan (CPT) and cisplatin (CDDP) in patients with advanced large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the lung. METHODS Patients received irinotecan (60 mg/m², days 1, 8, and 15) and cisplatin (60 mg/m², day 1) every 4 weeks for up to four cycles. The primary endpoint was(More)
BACKGROUND Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) are recognized as high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas (HGNEC) of the lung. In patients with completely resected HGNEC, platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy may be considered. However, the optimum chemotherapy regimen has not been determined. We conducted a multicenter(More)
To evaluate the relationships between serum endogenous cytokine levels and their clinical implications in cancer patients, we measured the serum levels of endogenous granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in patients with(More)
In order to determine whether expression of the tumor suppressor gene p53 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) correlates with chemotherapeutic response, resected tumors from 18 patients with recurrent lung cancer who had undergone complete resection and received chemotherapy after the initial tumor recurrence were subjected to p53 immunostaining.(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a phase II study of combination chemotherapy with nedaplatin (NP) and irinotecan (CPT) followed by gefitinib to determine the effects and toxicities in patients 70 years or older with unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS Eligible patients were entered to receive 3 courses of 50 mg/m(2) NP and 60 mg/m(2) CPT on days(More)
We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of high-risk patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with nedaplatin (NP) and irinotecan (CPT) combination chemotherapy. Between July 2002 and January 2006, 31 NSCLC patients with multiple high-risk factors were treated with NP at 50 mg/m2 and CPT at 50 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 every 4 weeks. Among them,(More)